Western politicians and heads of law enforcement agencies who rejoiced in the destruction of the KGB thirty years ago the USSR and believed that Russia In fact, it lost its strong special services, it made a big mistake – over time, the security agencies of the Russian Federation not only revived, but also became even more powerful, retired FSB Major General Alexander Mikhailov told RIA Novosti.
December 3rd, 1991 President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev signed the law “On the reorganization of state security agencies.” On the basis of this law, the State Security Committee of the USSR was abolished, and for a transitional period, the Inter-Republican Security Service and the Central Intelligence Service of the USSR (now the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation) were created on its basis.
"It was a very difficult time. Many excellent employees with extensive operational experience left. But those who remained decided to do everything possible to protect the state from encroachments from different sides. After all, the corporate fraternity exists among both current and former intelligence officers.", – said Mikhailov… According to him, those who gave themselves to duty at that difficult time deserve the warmest words and sincere respect.
But at that time, the Western countries did not hide their triumph over what was happening with the Russian “authorities”, he recalls.
“Then the Americans stopped funding a large number of their agents of influence in Russia. In fact, why pay if everything that was conceived in Washington, will decide by itself? “- said the interlocutor of the agency.” And as an apotheosis, later, in the fall of 1992, the then director of the CIA Robert Gateswho came to Moscow, passed under foreign television cameras on Red Square, stating that he was performing a personal victory parade, meaning victory over Russia in the Cold War, “Mikhailov added.
But those who 30 years ago abroad happily rubbed their hands, watching the degradation of the Russian special services, are now probably experiencing the opposite emotions, Mikhailov said.
“Russia not only restored the system of its security agencies, but also strengthened it even more. Both technically and with personnel. system. But they miscalculated, “Mikhailov said.
“We are a country, in medical terms, with an increased ability to regenerate. Seemingly dead” muscles “come to life and gain even more strength, allowing you to solve any problem,” he added.
A very important event, which made it possible not to finally finish off the domestic special services at the end of the eras, but to preserve what was left, was the cancellation in January 1992 by the Constitutional Court of the decree on the formation of a single Ministry of Security and Internal Affairs. RSFSRsigned by the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin December 19, 1991, Mikhailov believes.
“Then whoever did not intervene – politicians, religious, public activities, everyone who understood what a state security system is and that the final collapse of the special services cannot be allowed by merging with the Ministry of Internal Affairs,” Mikhailov said. And on January 24, 1992, Yeltsin signed a new decree – on the formation of the Ministry of Security of Russia on the basis of the abolished Federal Security Agency of the RSFSR, created in 1991 on the basis of the KGB of the RSFSR, and the Inter-Republican Security Service.
The Ministry of Security was transformed into the Federal Counterintelligence Service in 1993, and in 1995 the Federal Grid Company was renamed the Federal Security Service.
“But it was very difficult to restore the work. In many cases, practically from scratch,” Mikhailov noted.
However, the most important thing that contributed to the revival of the Russian security agencies is the absence of personnel leapfrog in their leadership, Mikhailov believes. This is done thanks to the president Vladimir Putinhe noted. “Putin acted wisely, not becoming to change directors of the FSB one by one, as Yeltsin did,” the agency’s interlocutor added. During the eight years that Yeltsin was at the head of the state, eight leaders of the “bodies” were replaced. And over the last 20 years FSB led by two people – Nikolay Patrushev (in 1999-2008) and Alexander Bortnikov (from 2008 to the present).
“When there is no leapfrog in personnel, this is very important. After all, conservatism in a good sense of the word is the key to the successful work of special services. Then it is possible to educate personnel, pass on experience, and plan operations for several years in advance. Under Yeltsin, it was practically impossible,” noted Mikhailov. According to him, under Putin, the security agencies again began to fill up with professionals, who, in turn, taught the incoming replenishment, passing on their great experience and the best traditions to new employees.
“And we see the results of modern security agencies,” Mikhailov added. From time to time, there are reports about the suppression of attempts at terrorist attacks at the stage of design, about the exposure of foreign intelligence agents and so on, he noted. “So the West understands very well that in the end it turned out not at all the way they saw it in 1991,” Mikhailov summed up.https://mailbd.net/