The Truth Commission presented the ninth chapter of its final report. Is named Resisting is not holding and it recounts the affectations disproportionately suffered in the midst of the armed conflict ethnic peoples.
In this chapter we collected 3,849 testimonies with ethnic people1,693 with indigenous population, 2,106 with black people, 51 Rom. 11,056 individual and collective interviews.
In the context of the conflict, the armed groups took away their humanity from the ethnic people. They ripped out the sense of beingThey did not see them as human beings but as objects. The Indians were treated like savages.
In the investigation the Truth Commission He came across testimonials like they did not know that killing indigenous people was a crime. Or that they were killed with a knife because a bullet was very expensive, it cost 8,000 thousand pesos.
The ethnic peoples they suffered much more disproportionate violence. They are multiple massacres that documented that evidence of how that violence was exercised when it came to bodies that had a different skin. Killing blacks and indigenous people was normalized.
The Canal del Dique is the largest cemetery for the disappeared. More of 10 thousand people disappeared and murdered during 5 years and the bodies were placed in front of the communities to impose terror.
The ethnic peoples suffered multiple chains of invasion of their territory. The volume of the Truth Commission shows that there was a strong invasion of the territory by the income of drug trafficking, the mining processes and the income of the economy linked to development. The establishment of palm trees, agro-industrial and livestock processes were also linked and accompanied by the presence of armed actors to take possession of the land. A palm was worth more than a life.
One of the findings is that we have 17 macro-territories with an ethnic presence, where the violence is even greater and where those armed groups are fighting for the income from drug trafficking, mining and the development processes that are established there. In those territories we have the deepest precariousness of the presence of the State and high levels of impunity. There is a lot of chain of forgetfulness and invisibility.
He is very high level of impunity towards crimes committed against ethnic peoples. In justice, when they are serious human rights violations that have to do with the ethnic population little is investigated.
The ethnic chapter of the Truth Commission identified 115 indigenous peoples and in 60% some are with less than ten people.
Resisting is not putting up with a flame deep reconciliation and it is a broad agenda for the new government.