Doctors and scientists have been talking about the fact that the brain needs to be trained and developed, like the body, for a long time. Like, you won’t “pump” the brain, it will become decrepit faster. This is especially true now, when the covid pandemic has hit our cognitive functions. People really began to notice that they were “stupid”. In fact, a malicious virus interferes with the work of synapses, which connect the neurons of the brain, and blocks their activity. Our task is to teach them how to work again.
The understanding that the brain needs to develop, and for this it is necessary to force the body to do some unusual things, was at the beginning of the last century. For example, the famous Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky, who devoted much time to the development of cognitive functions in children, recommended the most diverse cultural and social environment for the child, believing that this is how higher nervous activity is formed. This approach can be called the basis of neurophysiology. After all, the main thing in it is to make the brain work in a non-standard situation.
But the very first brain gymnastics was developed in the 1970s by psychologist Paul Dennison. He tried to solve his problem – dyslexia (the inability to read or write – this, by the way, is the actor Keanu Reeves, who learns his roles by ear). As a result, Paul became the founder of neurogymnastics.
On the Internet you can find a variety of brain training. And the term “neurofitness” came into wide use a few years ago. But why exactly December 16 was called the day of neurofitness is not very clear. Well, it doesn’t matter, because we don’t need a reason. to start exercising your brain.
UNITE THE HEMISPHERES
Exercises for the brain are aimed at strengthening old and forming new neural connections. It is believed that if you engage in neurofitness constantly, then memory improves, emotional intelligence and creative thinking develop.
To put it very simply, our right hemisphere is responsible for creativity, fantasy, creativity, as well as coordination in space. At the same time, it controls the left half of the body. The left is responsible for logic, mathematical thinking, speech, controls the right half of the body.
Normally, both hemispheres develop in parallel, in the same way, which allows the child to find non-standard solutions, to think logically and at the same time creatively, to have flexible thinking. But sometimes connections are broken. This also happens in adulthood, for example, after a stroke. And then neuroexercises come to the rescue.
On the Internet you can find a variety of brain training.
A photo: Shutterstock
THE SIMPLE THINGS
If you do not take into account complex exercises (juggling on a skateboard), then in ordinary everyday life you can push the brain to development. For example:
* Turn on your left hand if you are a pure right-hander: pour tea, open the door with a key, brush your teeth. Do you think it’s simple? And you check. By acting in this way, we make millions of neurons work, connect new connections.
* Throw a soft little ball at the wall and catch it with different hands. You can simply transfer from one hand to another.
* Draw different shapes with different hands. For example left circle, right square. This must be done at the same time.
* There is also a very useful game “Memo”: several paired pictures are mixed and laid out face down in several rows. Turning the pictures over, you must remember where which one is, and again put it face down. Gradually, passing row after row, you remove the pairs, and find the first one from memory. Aerobatics – never make a mistake. There are similar games and virtual ones, but the cards are still more correct, because hands and movements are involved.
In general, you understand – you need to connect fine motor skills, but somehow outside the box. For example, learn to weave macrame, knit. Yes, at least just start collecting puzzles – this will also help earn millions of neurons in the brain, because you still need to be able to create a whole picture from small pieces …
As a rule, they are all associated with breathing and some movements that involve several parts of the body at once. For example:
1. While inhaling, slowly raise the right knee and touch it with the left elbow. As you exhale, slowly lower. The slower we do this and the deeper we inhale and exhale, the better.
This exercise from the course of the founder of neurogymnastics Paul Dennison is aimed at activating both hemispheres, and is also responsible for concentration and balance.
2. Exercise “ear-nose” or “funny monkeys” – for concentration. A seemingly simple exercise is actually not so easy to perform.
So, with the left hand we take the tip of the nose, with the right hand – the lobe of the left ear (it is important that the ear is exactly the opposite). We release our hands, make a clap, change – right to the tip of the nose, left to the tip of the right ear. Accelerate the pace, one, clap, change ear, two, clap. Oh, and you’re already out of your mind 🙂
3. “Owl” – an exercise that is definitely useful for everyone who sits motionless for a long time. Relieves tension from the neck and shoulders, improves blood circulation.
Place your left hand on the right muscle between the shoulder and neck (it’s called the shoulder muscle): make no mistake, it is usually the hardest, most tense. Start slowly turning your head to the maximum left or right, making a cheerful “wow” when you reach the extreme point. Repeat 5-7 times, lower your arm, tilt your head forward, relax your muscles. Repeat the same with your left hand on your right shoulder.
Another useful exercise tool for the brain and the whole body is a balancing pillow. You can simply stand on it, maintaining balance, you can perform simple exercises, body turns, keeping balance. It is also great to sit on it in the lotus position – it helps to maintain posture and promotes concentration.
Water and stretching will help
And do not forget the basic things: the brain needs water and oxygen. Therefore, before performing any neuroexercises, do light gymnastics – stretching, tilting the head and torso (this will speed up the blood). And then slowly drink a glass of water at room temperature – it is vital for brain cells.