News

Why was the Tolstoy family cursed?

It is known that the ancestor of eminent writers was distinguished by extraordinary cunning and deceit.

It is known that the ancestor of eminent writers was distinguished by extraordinary cunning and deceit.

A photo: wikimedia.org

Part 35

PART 1, PART 2, PART 3, PART 4, PART 5, PART 6, PART 7, PART 8, PART 9, PART 10, PART 11, PART 12, PART 13, PART 14, PART 15, PART 16, PART 17, PART 18, PART 19, PART 20, PART 21, PART 22, PART 23, PART 24, PART 25, PART 26, PART 27, PART 28, PART 29, PART 30, PART 31, PART 32, PART 33, PART 34.

In the past storytelling we talked about the famous ancestor of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin – Abram Petrovich Hannibal https://www.kp.ru/daily/27422.5/4622100/?ysclid=l6br11c6d9624822615. It is known that Hannibal was brought up, brought up by Peter the Great. It is interesting that the same tsar gave a ticket to a great life to the ancestor of no less eminent writers Leo Nikolaevich, Alexei Nikolaevich and Alexei Konstantinovich Tolstoy – Peter Andreevich Tolstoy. Pyotr Andreevich was born in 1645 and died in 1729 at the age of 84. Although, according to the logic of those events, Tsar Peter should have executed Tolstoy, who, being the tsar’s steward, incited the archers to a streltsy revolt in 1682, slandering that the Naryshkins strangled Tsarevich Ivan.

INSTEAD OF THE chopping block, I WENT TO THE NORTH

It is known that the ancestor of eminent writers was distinguished by extraordinary cunning and deceit. Perhaps this helped him go not to the chopping block, but to the city of Veliky Ustyug for the post of governor.

And in 1697, when Tolstoy was already 52 years old, Tsar Peter, having gone to Arkhangelsk, stopped in Veliky Ustyug. Peter Tolstoy clearly did everything to please the tsar. And he did it. According to legend (maybe it was so?), after a good dinner, the tsar patted Tolstoy on the head and said: “Oh, head, head …, I would chop you off, but it’s a pity. You’re so smart.”

Either Tolstoy asked for it himself, or the tsar decided that such a head needed teaching – in the same year, Peter Tolstoy went to Italy to study maritime affairs. For two years, Tolstoy perfectly learned the Italian language and “Europeanized” – he shaved off his beard, put on a wig. Pyotr Andreevich reflected the Italian way of life in many of his notes: “And all the Venetians, nobles and merchants who walk in an ordinary Venetian dress, do not carry swords and do not carry any guns with them, they only have secretly small pins under their clothes, like sharp-pointed knives. And those who wear French dress have swords with them. And when one of the Venetians, who has a sword with him, needs to go to his prince, or to the chancellery, or to the senate, he is guilty of leaving his sword in the hallway. Meat and fish and all sorts of fruits, that is, bunches, are sold in Venice in weight, in pounds, which is called lira in Italian, and they sell all kinds of grub and living creatures all day long in the square by the sea, close to the cathedral churches of St. Mark. In Venice, the air is heavy and the spirit is very rough from sea water.

In 1701, the tsar sent Peter Tolstoy as an ambassador to Constantinople and entrusted him with one of the main missions - to prevent Turkey from rapprochement with Sweden.  Prevent a Turkish attack on Russia, engulfed in the Northern War.

In 1701, the tsar sent Peter Tolstoy as an ambassador to Constantinople and entrusted him with one of the main missions – to prevent Turkey from rapprochement with Sweden. Prevent a Turkish attack on Russia, engulfed in the Northern War.

A photo: wikimedia.org

TWICE ACCUSED OF SPYING

In 1701, the tsar sent Peter Tolstoy as an ambassador to Constantinople and entrusted him with one of the main missions – to prevent Turkey from rapprochement with Sweden. Prevent a Turkish attack on Russia, engulfed in the Northern War. And for a long time Tolstoy manages to cope with the tasks set by bribing high Turkish officials. At the same time, Tolstoy was twice accused of espionage and imprisoned in Turkey in 1710 and 1713.

In 1714 Tolstoy returned to Russia and was appointed a senator.

In 1717, Tsar Peter’s relations with the unlucky son, Tsarevich Alexei, became especially aggravated. Alexei and his mistress Euphrosyne are hiding from the father of the tsar in Europe and there is no way to get the prince out of there. Then Tsar Peter entrusts this tricky business to Tolstoy, and Pyotr Andreevich sets off to get the prince. At first, Pyotr Andreevich in the most insidious way ingratiated himself with Euphrosyne, promising the stupid woman untold gifts for returning to her homeland. And then, through her, he convinced the prince that his dear father, Tsar Peter, would forgive the young for everything and shower them with gold if they returned.

REWARD FOR GUESS

And Alex believed. And on his return to St. Petersburg, as you know, the prince immediately ended up in the casemates of the Peter and Paul Fortress, where he soon died, either from torture, or for another reason. It is not known exactly. Pyotr Tolstoy, undoubtedly, knew about the fierce prospect of the prince, when he lured him to Russia with flattery and promises. And then Tolstoy himself conducted the interrogation of the prince in the casemates. For this, according to popular rumor, the dying Alexei cursed the entire Tolstoy family up to the twenty-fifth generation.

But for this, so to speak, a brilliant operation, Emperor Peter himself rewarded Tolstoy with estates and appointed him head of the Secret Chancellery, which was the great-grandmother of the Cheka, the OGPU, and the KGB. It is easy to imagine what was going on there, what methods were used to interrogate the suspects.

In 1717, Tsar Peter's relations with the unlucky son, Tsarevich Alexei, became especially aggravated.

In 1717, Tsar Peter’s relations with the unlucky son, Tsarevich Alexei, became especially aggravated.

A photo: wikimedia.org

At one time, Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy was going to write a novel about Peter the Great, and one of the main characters of the novel was to be his ancestor Peter Tolstoy. But when Lev Nikolayevich plunged into the study of the archives, he abandoned the idea of ​​​​the novel, saying that he did not understand either that time or the state of the souls of those people who were so unlike their contemporaries.

In 1724, for special services to the Fatherland, by the highest decree of Emperor Peter the Great, the actual Privy Councilor Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy was elevated, with his descending offspring, to the dignity of a count of the Russian Empire. And all the current descendants of Peter Tolstoy are essentially counts and countesses.

However, after the death of Tsar Peter, Count Tolstoy faced his long-time rival Alexander Menshikov and lost in this clash. This time, the mind and resourcefulness did not help the count ingratiate himself with the new Empress Catherine the First – a close, let’s say, friend of Alexander Menshikov, who, in fact, now ruled the Russian state himself.

Pyotr Tolstoy, 82, was charged with state crimes and sentenced to death. After the execution was replaced by exile in the Solovetsky Monastery. There, together with Tolstoy, one of his sons, Ivan, was exiled. In the same place on Solovki, a couple of years later, Count Tolstoy died. But his numerous descendants, both in Russia and scattered around the world, keep the memory of their famous progenitor and atone for the curse of Tsarevich Alexei.

***

Our readers can learn about other equally bright and legendary personalities – Petrovsky associates from the interesting lectures of the historian Vladimir Medinsky on the Komsomolskaya Pravda radio called “Petrov’s Nest Chicks”. You can listen to this link.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button