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Who and what weapons systems supplies Ukraine | Ukraine and Ukrainians: a view from Europe | DW

Defense ministers and chiefs of the general staffs of the armies of about 50 countries took part in the third meeting of the Contact Group on the Defense of Ukraine, also called “Rammstein format”. They discussed providing Kyiv with new weapons. Which countries are helping Ukraine and which weapons are already being supplied – in the DW selection.

Germany

From June 21, the government Germany openly maintains on the Internet a register of weapons, equipment and other materials sent to help Ukraine.

Among the types of weapons already delivered are hundreds of anti-tank systems and man-portable air defense systems. In addition, there are hundreds of small arms on this list, including 16 million rounds of ammunition, 100,000 hand grenades and 5,300 land mines. With regard to non-lethal equipment, Germany provided vehicles and gasoline, tents and food, as well as medical supplies.

The PzH 2000 artillery mounts will be followed by other heavy weapons systems: 10,000 artillery shells, 30 Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, including about 6,000 shells, and another 53,000 shells for anti-aircraft installations. The delivery of the latest IRIS-T air defense system, a tracking radar and three multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) from the Bundeswehr stocks was also confirmed.

Additional reconnaissance equipment will also be delivered, including 32 drones, more than 150 vehicles, some of which are armored, and medical equipment. Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov thanked the German government, but at the same time expressed hope for even stronger support.

USA

US President Joe Biden announced at the end of May that the US would increase supplies heavy weapons systems to Ukraine. In particular, it was about MLRS multiple launch rocket systems or a lighter version of HIMARS (High Mobility Artillery Rocket System), the use of which Ukrainian soldiers will soon be trained.

HIMARS multiple launch rocket system

HIMARS multiple launch rocket system

Both types of MLRS are mobile platforms capable of launching various types of missiles. The main difference between the two is that HIMARS has its rocket launcher on an armored truck rather than a tracked vehicle. This limits cross-country ability, but cars on wheels consume much less fuel. Most importantly, their weight is one third less, and this allows them to be transported by aircraft.

Both systems are capable of launching tactical missiles with a range of several hundred kilometers. However, the US government refused to supply Kyiv with such modifications of these MLRS. The Ukrainian armed forces will receive missiles with a maximum range of 80 km. The goal is to repel Russia’s attack on Ukrainian territory. Also, the Ukrainian military should be helped by the anti-artillery defense radar system from the United States. At the same time, Washington stated that Ukraine had pledged not to use American MLRS for strikes on Russian territory.

The United States has been the largest arms supplier to Ukraine since the start of the Russian attack. In particular, the Javelin (anti-tank) and Stinger (anti-air) man-portable missile systems played an important role in the early stages of the invasion. The United States and other NATO countries also sent attack helicopters and 155mm field howitzers to Kyiv to conduct combat operations in the Donbass. The delivery of additional units of these weapons systems is planned.

Denmark

Harpoon anti-ship missiles

Harpoon anti-ship missiles

The fighting is not only in the Donbass. The Russian Black Sea Fleet is also besieging the southwestern coast of Ukraine. So far, Ukraine has defended Odessa and other coastal cities mainly with naval mines. However, there is still a serious danger of invasion from the sea, since Ukraine does not have a large naval force.

The all-weather Harpoon anti-ship missiles promised by Denmark will significantly increase the chances of protecting the Black Sea coast of Ukraine. They might even help break through naval blockade, which largely cuts off Ukraine from world markets.

Great Britain

The British government, according to its own information, supplied Ukraine with a number of weapons systems. These include, in particular, various types of portable weapons, such as Javelin and Stinger missile systems, which the Ukrainian military can, after a short briefing, use against ground and air targets. But Kyiv also received heavier strike systems, missiles from which can be launched both from vehicles and from the ground.

Ukrainian military use Javelin anti-tank systems

Ukrainian military use Javelin anti-tank systems

According to British MP James Hippy, “hundreds” of Brimstone-1 missiles, which can destroy tanks, artillery batteries, and light armored boats, should also be delivered to Ukraine. In addition, 120 Mastiff armored personnel carriers with powerful anti-mine armor will be transferred, as well as small transport drones to supply forward positions with rations and ammunition.

Czech Republic

It’s believed that Czech has already supplied Ukraine with an unknown number of Soviet-made infantry fighting vehicles and tanks, multiple rocket launchers and howitzers, and possibly Soviet-designed attack helicopters. And obviously Prague wants to supply more heavy weapons. Continuity is important, Defense Minister Yana Chernokhova said at the end of May.

Other states

According to various sources, a number of other states, including Canada, Italy, Greece, Norway and Poland, intend to supply Ukraine with artillery systems, including tens of thousands of 155-mm shells. The Netherlands, like Germany, wants to supply several PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers.

Both the M777 field howitzer, which is in service with NATO countries, and the PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzer, can use various types of ammunition, such as NATO caliber fragmentation, smoke, signal or conventional high-explosive fragmentation shells. However, the Panzerhaubitze 2000 can also use larger caliber shells, hitting targets at a distance of up to 40 km; the maximum range of the M777 is 25 km.

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