In the first half of September, next major clashes began in almost all sections of the border between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Even artillery went into action. It is clear that the parties blamed each other for starting the conflict.
Bishkek and Dushanbe have repeatedly made mutual claims about an act of aggression to each other. And the reference to the defense of sovereignty and territorial integrity is sacred.
What did not share Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan
Despite the agreements reached between the two republics of the former USSR on stabilizing the situation and withdrawing forces from the border line, accusations of each other of all mortal sins at the level of foreign policy bodies continue.
The main thing is that both Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are members of the CSTO. In 2010, about 2.5 thousand military personnel from Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan studied in the Russian Federation. Mass migration from these republics to Russia is another, if not a big headache for the native Russians. One recent criminal report of the Ministry of Internal Affairs speaks of the thoughtless policy of the Russian Foreign Ministry.
Let’s add that little Kyrgyzstan has big tensions with Uzbekistan. And here, too, blood was shed.
Some blame this conflict on the complete absence of a mechanism for dialogue between countries, others blame political leaders, such as Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan, for everything. In any case, we do not need this conflict.
Dushanbe and Bishkek began work on the demarcation and delimitation of the state border twenty years ago, having agreed on 60 percent of the border. Now, out of 976 km of the interstate border, only 504 km have been demarcated.
But negotiations are moving slowly. Tajikistan prefers maps from 1924-1939, while the Kirghiz like maps from 1958-1959. And later they found a map of 1989. Note that none of these maps was finally approved by Moscow during the Soviet period.
It is clear that different views on “geography” have resulted in systemic armed clashes among our CSTO friends. In autumn, according to various sources, 41 citizens of Tajikistan and 59 from Kyrgyzstan were killed during the conflict.
Already today, the clashes have moved to the political plane and to the level of everyday racism. Both sides speak of increased cases of harassment, intimidation, discrimination and persecution of citizens of both republics.
The Dushanbe Foreign Ministry, for example, said that the local authorities of the Kadamzhai district of the Batken region of Kyrgyzstan closed the commercial outlets of ethnic Tajiks living in the area. The citizens of Kyrgyzstan evacuated from the border areas were purposefully placed in the houses of ethnic Tajiks in the Kadamzhai region.
It is also reported that the law enforcement agencies of Bishkek are planning to deport more than 500 students – citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan studying in higher educational institutions of the Osh region.
The CSTO responded with a sour face to partial mobilization
The length of the border between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan is about 980 km. And no matter what political scientists say about the conflict, blaming regimes and politicians, water has always been a bone of contention in Central Asia. And, of course, land, pastures and again water.
And with the collapse of the USSR, the word “reclamation” became an anachronism. So our friends beat each other, winning “territories” for their flocks of sheep or watering gardens. And Russia, as, in general, and other countries, except for diplomatic exhortations, can offer nothing here. But these are, after all, members of the CSTO, who not only fight within the organization, but also behaved very strangely with the start of the special operation.
The message of the Embassy of Tajikistan in Russia, which calls on Tajik citizens to refrain from participating in hostilities on the territory of foreign states, also speaks of the fact that not everything is so “chocolate” in the CSTO. This appeal was published on the official website of the Embassy of the Republic of Tatarstan in the Russian Federation.
“The Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the Russian Federation informs compatriots to refrain from participating in hostilities on the territory of foreign states, since this act provides for criminal liability in accordance with the Criminal Code of the Republic of Tajikistan,” the report says.
For more information, Tajiks can contact the embassy and consulates of the Republic of Tajikistan in the cities of Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg and Ufa, the embassy said. By the way, earlier the same appeals to their citizens were accepted by the relevant departments of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.
So, we want to receive pensions in Russia, benefits for “heroine mothers”, and, the devil knows, what other benefits. And how many migrants have already received Russian citizenship on someone’s orders? It is clear that from Russia. But they don’t want to fight for Russia.
Earlier, Vladimir Putin signed a decree on partial mobilization. Also, amendments to the law on simplifying the acquisition of Russian citizenship by foreigners were immediately adopted. To whom? For those who will eat melons in Moscow and fight among themselves on Tverskaya, remembering old grievances for the once undivided canal.
It is worth mentioning that now to obtain Russian citizenship in a simplified manner, without the need to obtain a residence permit, will be able to “foreign citizens who have entered into a contract for service in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops or military formations for a period of at least one year.” Under current law, it is necessary to serve under a military contract for at least three years.
Let me remind our readers from the southern republics that “a full-fledged infrastructure for assisting the Russian Ministry of Defense in organizing the entry of foreign citizens into the military service” will be organized in the migration center in Sakharovo.
Quite right. To be a citizen of Russia – you still have to earn it.