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“We have started building a Just Kazakhstan”

Photo: akorda.kz

Kazakhstan is widely celebrating the Day of the Republic, which received the status of a national holiday in early autumn on the initiative of the head of state Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. On this occasion, the people of Kazakhstan received three days off, and in all regions and corners of the country, starting from Saturday, solemn events are held: concerts of folk and classical music, performances, round tables, debate tournaments, exhibitions, meetings with famous people, scientific conferences , creative competitions, essay and reading competitions, as well as sports competitions.

“The support and wealth of the state are its citizens”

Starting early in the morning, leaders of many world powers have already congratulated Kazakhstanis on this wonderful holiday, and President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev was the first to congratulate compatriots. He recalled that it was the Declaration on State Sovereignty of Kazakhstan, adopted on October 25, 1990, that opened the way to the sacred Independence of the republic, becoming a truly historic event. Therefore, the head of state explained, this day received the highest status.

“Republic Day is a bright holiday designed to elevate the spirit of the people, strengthen statehood, strengthen our unity and solidarity. We have started building a Just Kazakhstan. This lofty goal can be achieved only with the active participation of all Kazakhstanis, because the main support and the greatest wealth of the state are citizens!” – the President emphasized in his congratulations.

Photo: akorda.kz

Recall that in the document adopted exactly 32 years ago, the unitary state, the integrity, indivisibility and inviolability of the territory were established as the fundamental principles of sovereign statehood, and the people of the country were named the only source of power. Kazakhstan declared its right to the revival and development of original culture, traditions, the Kazakh language (as well as other languages ​​of the peoples of the republic), strengthening of national identity. The principle of independent solution of political, economic and social problems was proclaimed.

Republic Day was first declared a national holiday in October 1995. However, in 2001, he was transferred to the category of state. Eight years later, in 2009, the declaration of state sovereignty was considered an intermediate stage, after which “a more important event came – the declaration of independence of Kazakhstan.” Therefore, in April 2009, the celebration of Republic Day was canceled, and October 25 was made a working day. And finally, on September 29, 2022, the President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, signed a law that returns the holiday to its high status and significance.

According to the chairman of the Union of Uighur Youth, member of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan (ANK) Rustam Kairiyev, October 25, 1990 is one of the key dates in strengthening the independence of the state, so the decision of the president to return Republic Day and give it the status of a national holiday is absolutely correct.

“Thanks to this, young Kazakhstanis will know and understand the history of the development of their country, how it went to independence, which our grandfathers and great-grandfathers dreamed of for centuries, what was the path to this. Without full knowledge of our history, we will not be able to build our future, open up new horizons for the competitiveness of Kazakhstan. Now, as the President said, it is important to define new strategic guidelines for further development,” added Rustam Kairiyev.

“We will not deviate from the intended path”

It should be noted that over the 31 years of its independence, Kazakhstan has established itself as an independent democratic state with the most developed economy in Central Asia, stable state institutions, interethnic and interfaith harmony reigns in the country, the republic is deeply integrated into the world trade and economic system. The country is respected by the world community for its multi-vector international policy and peace-loving initiatives. Suffice it to say that the state, which, after the collapse of the USSR, got the fourth largest nuclear potential in the world, voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons and closed the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site.

Photo: akorda.kz

Today Kazakhstan is a full member of the UN, actively strengthening cooperation with the most influential international organizations such as the European Union, IAEA, UNESCO. In addition, the republic is a vivid example of how to properly build relations with neighboring countries, including with its main strategic partner, Russia.

As you know, the country under President K.-J. Tokayev has set a course for building a New, Just Kazakhstan: large-scale political, economic and social reforms are being carried out in the republic, supported by the overwhelming majority of citizens. In particular, the necessary amendments to the Constitution have been made, the mechanism for registering political parties wishing to take part in elections has been legally simplified, and the procedure for holding rallies and public meetings has been significantly simplified. The death penalty has been abolished. A law has been passed that prohibits the incumbent president from being a member of a particular party, and his relatives from holding leadership positions in government bodies and state-related companies. From now on, the president cannot hold the highest state post for more than one 7-year term.

“We are facing a deep restructuring of relations in the triad “citizen – business – state”. First of all, the state will ensure equality of opportunity and justice for all. A high level of public goods and support for socially vulnerable categories of the population, including citizens with special needs, will be guaranteed. The state will fully support economic freedom, but at the same time will vigorously protect citizens from excessive market fluctuations. Small and medium-sized businesses will receive powerful development,” Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said in his Address to the Nation in September this year.

Speaking about the tasks for the future, the President urged his compatriots “not to rest on their laurels” and clearly outlined the priority areas for the further development of the country.

“The future of Kazakhstan is born today – in our words and deeds, intentions and actions. I call on all fellow citizens to rally around national interests. We will become a strong and successful nation when each of us strengthens unity in every possible way and firmly adheres to the principles of justice. This course is unshakable and will be continued under any circumstances of an internal and external nature. We will not deviate from the intended path! Together we will build a Just Kazakhstan!” the head of state promised.

“Protect the friendship of our peoples”

By the way, the other day, on October 22, Kazakhstan and Russia celebrated another fateful date – the 30th anniversary of the establishment of bilateral diplomatic relations, which opened a new era in relations between the two fraternal countries aimed at strengthening friendship, good neighborliness, alliance and strategic partnership.

Recall that in 1998 Kazakhstan and Russia signed the Declaration of Eternal Friendship and Alliance Oriented to the 21st Century, and neither Russia nor Kazakhstan has a similar agreement with any other country. In addition, both countries are active participants in the Eurasian integration process, initiators of the creation of several basic international alliances in the post-Soviet space – such as the Customs Union and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), successfully interact within the UN, CIS, OSCE, CSTO, SCO, Meetings on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA).

An important result was the close cooperation of the neighboring countries in all areas of human life – from trade and economic cooperation to digitalization, energy and space. Today, Russia is not only the largest trade partner of Kazakhstan and the largest supplier of goods to the republic, but also the most important market for Kazakh products, giving them access to the markets of other countries of the world. Among the goods exported by Russia to Kazakhstan are machinery, equipment and vehicles, spare parts, timber, agricultural raw materials. Kazakhstan exports minerals, metals, engineering products, chemical products, food and agricultural products, and textiles.

It is curious that Kazakhstan ranks 2nd in the CIS and 10th in the world ranking of Russia’s foreign trade partners. The trade turnover with Russia is one third higher than the trade turnover of the republic with China, about 20% of all foreign transactions of Kazakhstan are accounted for by the Russian Federation. More than 11 thousand enterprises with Russian participation are registered in Kazakhstan, and their number is steadily growing.

A few more indicative figures were announced by Presidents Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and Vladimir Putin during a bilateral meeting in May this year. Thus, the trade turnover between Russia and Kazakhstan reached a record high of $25 billion (an increase of 34%), 20 major joint projects worth $4 billion are at various stages of implementation in such industries as engineering, metallurgy, the chemical industry, and investments by Russian companies in the economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan amounted to 17 billion dollars. And all this despite the global crisis and the tough sanctions policy of the West.

“Between our countries,” President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev recently noted in an interview with Russian media, “an intensive political dialogue has been established, deep economic ties have been built, and cooperation is developing effectively in all areas. There are practically no issues in our country that would not find their solution in the course of a constant constructive dialogue. We are connected by a lot that is inseparable at its core: a centuries-old common history, a single, in fact, cultural and spiritual space, inextricable economic ties, the longest border in the world. We must protect the friendship of our peoples. This is my duty as the second president of Kazakhstan.”

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