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Treasures of the Romanovs and rubies from the evil eye: what secrets do the jewels of Elizabeth II keep

Elizabeth II was famous for her rich collection of jewelry

Elizabeth II was famous for her rich collection of jewelry

A photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS

Elizabeth II was famous for its rich collection of jewelry: some of them had their own history and were passed down from generation to generation, others were presented to the queen as a gift, and others were created by her order.

The collection is extensive – 300 items: 98 brooches, 34 pairs of earrings and 15 rings. Basically, they were kept in the Royal Gallery at Buckingham Palace.

Many wondered: what will happen to the imperial state crown, which was placed on the lid of the coffin? She was removed before the coffin was lowered into the crypt. The queen was buried with laconic pearl earrings and a gold engagement ring.

But the imperial crown can be seen at the coronation of King Charles III. It was created in 1937 specifically for the enthronement of George VI. It is encrusted with 2868 diamonds, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds and 269 pearls. It is completed by the famous 105 carat Kohinoor diamond brought from India. The weight of the crown is only one kilogram, but even because of this weight, it is difficult for the monarch to tilt his head.

KP.RU talks about the most memorable items in the collection of Elizabeth II.

EASTERN CROWN

The most expensive piece of jewelry in the collection of Elizabeth II is the Oriental Crown diadem. It is estimated at $8.18 million. The sketch of the tiara was personally made by Elizabeth’s great-great-grandfather, Prince Albert in the middle of the 19th century for his wife Queen Victoria. The consort was inspired by fashionable Indian patterns at that time. After the death of Victoria, the diadem was passed down from generation to generation and finally went to the mother of Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Bowles-Lyon.

Initially, the diadem was decorated with more than 2.5 thousand diamonds and red opals. It is not known why, but Elizabeth never appeared in this tiara. Apparently, its value affected. But the Queen Mother loved to flaunt in a luxurious diadem.

VLADIMIR TIAR

The collection of Elizabeth II contained a lot of jewelry that once belonged to the Romanovs. For example, the Vladimir tiara. She was the “favorite” of the English queen. 15 rings studded with loose diamonds, each with a large drop-shaped pearl inside.

The tiara was created by order of Prince Vladimir Alexandrovich, brother of Alexander III, as a wedding gift to his wife Maria Pavlovna in 1874. In 1917, it was hidden in the Vladimir Palace along with the rest of the jewelry, but it was discovered and stolen by the English spy and antiquary Albert Stopford at the request of Maria Pavlovna herself. After the death of the princess, the tiara ended up with her daughter, the Greek princess Elena Vladimirovna, but she sold it to her grandmother, Elizabeth II, Mary of Teck.

GIFT FROM BURMA

Some jewelry was created by order of the Queen herself and her design. This was the tiara, encrusted with 96 large rubies and diamonds. The diadem is a silver wreath of English roses (the symbol of England).

The rubies were originally part of a necklace Elizabeth received as a wedding gift from Burma. According to legend, the necklace had magical properties – it protected its owner from evil forces and diseases. The queen also received diamonds as a gift from the ruler of the Principality of Hyderabad and Berar, Asaf Jaha VII.

PEARL NECKLACE

Elizabeth II invariably wore three-strand pearl beads for many of her outfits. In her book The Queen’s Jewels: The Personal Collection of Elizabeth II, Leslie Field notes that the Queen received the first necklace with identical-sized pearls from her grandfather, King George V, on the occasion of his 25th birthday in 1935.

In 1952, in honor of her accession to the throne, the Queen of England ordered a similar decoration for herself. The necklace was made of cream pearls, and the beads were collected by increase.

The third pearl necklace, where the threads are longer than the previous two models, Elizabeth II received as a gift from the Emir of Qatar in 1953. His queen often wore to evening receptions.

The fourth pearl choker necklace was actively worn by Elizabeth in the 80s and 90s, in particular, to celebrate the 70th wedding anniversary with Prince Philip. Four threads in the middle were connected by a rounded rhombus pendant adorned with diamonds on top and bottom. The design was developed by the Garrad jewelry house, which has collaborated with Buckingham Palace for many years.

This necklace was worn several times by Princess Diana, and then got into her possession by Kate Middleton.

SAFIR PARURE

Elizabeth II received a luxurious sapphire set as a wedding gift from her father, King George VI. The parure consisted of a necklace and earrings adorned with large sapphires and studded with diamonds. The decoration was created in the middle of the 19th century. Later, Her Majesty added a bracelet made in the same style to the set. The tiara appeared even later: Elizabeth II bought a sapphire necklace that was once worn by the Belgian Princess Louise, and remade it into a diadem.

By the way, during her only visit to Moscow, Elizabeth II preferred aquamarine parure. The necklace and earrings were presented as a gift on the occasion of the coronation by the President of Brazil. Later, the authorities of the Latin American country continued to replenish the set, donating a bracelet, a brooch and a hairpin. But the queen ordered the tiara on her own. By the way, the necklace has a secret: the links can be separated and worn separately in the form of brooches.

MEANWHILE

Indian diamond in british crown

After the death of Elizabeth II in Indian social networks, they started talking about restoring historical justice. The Indians demanded back the Kohinoor diamond, which adorns the English coronation crown.

The first mention of the stone dates back to the 15th century, when it belonged to the rulers of the Indian principality of Malwa. Then he passed from hand to hand: he visited the son of Tamerlane Babur, passed to the Persians, and then ended up in Afghanistan. “Kohinoor” returned to India in the possession of the Prince of Punjab Ranjit Singh. After the death of the ruler, the stone was to be transferred to the temple in Patna, but the heir Duleep Singh brought it to England and presented it to Queen Victoria.

Once in the hands of the British crown, the diamond lost its former shape – it received a new cut thanks to Dutch jewelers. From 191 carats it has decreased to 109.

Many Indian figures during the 20th century repeatedly appealed to the British authorities with a request to return the diamond, but every time the British gallantly evaded the answer.

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