MGIMO hosted an international scientific and practical conference dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the establishment of official diplomatic relations between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation. Opening the anniversary meeting, Anatoly Torkunov, Rector of MGIMO, emphasized that at the moment the number of students from Kazakhstan studying at the university is a record in relation to all foreign students of MGIMO from 56 countries of the world.
Speaking at the conference, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Russia Yermek Kosherbayev said that “the values that underlie the cooperation of our countries are equality, mutual respect for national interests, sovereignty and constructive dialogue.”
“All these principles were initially enshrined in the Treaty of Friendship and Mutual Assistance, concluded in 1992, they were developed in 2013 in the Treaty on Good Neighborliness and Alliance in the 21st Century,” Kosherbaev recalled. The Ambassador considers the trusting relationship between the leaders of the two countries to be an important factor. The diplomat also noted the strong inter-parliamentary ties between Kazakhstan and Russia and the close coordination of the foreign ministries – literally on the day of the conference, consultations were held between the ministries of foreign affairs of the two countries at the level of deputy ministers.
“The Russian-Kazakh economic partnership is based on a serious foundation, it could not be otherwise – the common history has formed a certain basis for relations in the economic and economic sphere,” Yermek Kosherbayev believes. – Last year was very productive: the trade turnover between our countries amounted to $25 billion, the accumulated volume of direct investments from Russia is $17 billion. Kazakhstani investments in the amount of more than $5 billion are being invested in Russia. There are 8,000 enterprises with Russian participation and 3,500 joint Kazakh-Russian companies in Kazakhstan.”
The Ambassador of Kazakhstan said that relations between our countries are showing positive dynamics, there is successful cooperation in the military-technical and fuel and energy fields, in the field of ecology, environmental management, transport and transit, in the digital sphere, in space exploration.
“Union for the Future”
Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Andrei Rudenko in his speech emphasized that Russian-Kazakh relations go back centuries, and today our countries are building equal allied relations and mutually beneficial partnership. “There are “roughnesses” in our relations, but this is normal,” the Russian diplomat is sure. He drew attention to the fact that on the skin of the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft launched the day before from the Baikonur cosmodrome, the symbolism of the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the two countries and the slogan “Russia and Kazakhstan: a union turned to the future” are inscribed.
Professor of the Higher School of Social and Human Sciences of Astana International University Taisiya Marmontova notes a clear imbalance between the high interest of the Kazakh media in Russia and the modest interest of the Russian media in what is happening in Kazakhstan. “It is necessary to develop a common information agenda,” the Kazakh expert believes.
Deputy Director of the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Sanat Kushkumbaev is convinced that “alliance and partnership between Russia and Kazakhstan is a given, and no one can change this given. Even in the face of unprecedented sanctions, economic cooperation between our countries is successfully developing. Trade and economic cooperation between Russia and Kazakhstan is a powerful foundation for bilateral relations. Russia occupies a stable first place as a foreign economic partner for our country.”
The expert noted that this year the economic cooperation between our countries was gaining momentum in a number of areas, the key of which are industrial cooperation, the chemical industry and the IT sector.
“Suffice it to say that today 13 landmark joint projects in the industrial sector have been implemented in Kazakhstan, 22 large projects worth almost $4 billion are being implemented and are being developed. Even earlier, in 2019, a program of joint actions in the field of industrial cooperation was signed, and 12 large projects worth about $450 million have already been implemented,” the expert notes.
“Thus, Kazakhstan and Russia have been building good-neighbourly friendly relations for 30 years since Kazakhstan gained independence, based on the principle of pragmatism in their actions. This was facilitated by a common history and territorial proximity, therefore, today’s relations between Astana and Moscow are more important than ever in terms of ensuring stability and sustainable development in most of the Eurasian space,” Sanat Kushkumbaev concluded.
In modern conditions, Kazakhstan is becoming the most important ally of Russia in the post-Soviet space, as well as the most important factor in ensuring security in Eurasia, Russian political scientist Arkady Dubnov believes. He is convinced that during the global crisis, the experts of our countries are obliged to meet as often as possible and “explain themselves personally.”
“It is extremely important to maintain a respectful tone in assessing the processes taking place in Kazakhstan, where for the fourth year now there has been an extremely important process of transit of power in a historical sense. This experiment will be of great importance for the entire world community, and not only for the relations between our countries. This transit is not over, it will largely depend on how we in Russia treat it,” said Arkady Dubnov. – I am often invited to speak as an expert on Kazakhstani TV channels. But have you seen at least one Kazakh expert on Russian TV channels in recent years, where important issues of today’s agenda are discussed? I did not see. In my opinion, Central Asia, namely the five countries of this region, form a new space that claims to be an international subject. We will be understood only when we begin to respect this objective process,” concluded Arkady Dubnov.
The meeting was attended by the Ambassador of Turkmenistan to Russia Batyr Niyazliev and the Ambassador of Moldova Lilian Darii. The participants of the scientific and practical conference at MGIMO decided to create a permanent Russian-Kazakhstan scientific and expert council, whose assessments and conclusions can become direct recommendations for making government decisions in both countries.