The most deadly type of cancer: how to avoid, features, expert opinion of an oncologist, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Andrey Kaprin, Director General of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "National Medical Research Center for Radiology" Ministry of Health of Russia, Director of the P.A.  Herzen, chief freelance oncologist of the Russian Ministry of Health

Andrey Kaprin, General Director of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “NMITs Radiology” of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Director of the P.A. Herzen, chief freelance oncologist of the Russian Ministry of Health

A photo: Alexander SHPAKOVSKY


– The biggest contribution to mortality from malignant neoplasms (MN) is made by lung cancer, – reported on press conferences on Friday, July 29, Chief Oncologist of the Ministry of Health, Head of the National Medical Research Center (NMIC) for Radiology, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, practicing doctor surgeon-oncologist Andrew Kaprin. – First, this disease, as a rule, comes to light late. Secondly, it is very difficult to treat. Thirdly, the course of the disease is often very malignant.

Lung cancer gives the largest increase in mortality from malignant neoplasms in almost all countries of the world, the doctor explained. At the same time, basal cell skin cancer occupies the first place in terms of prevalence among oncological diseases. Also among the leaders are breast cancer in women, prostate cancer in men and colorectal cancer (that is, tumors of the colon and rectum).

“Today, we detect 59% of cases of oncological diseases at stages 1-2, when the chances for successful treatment are the highest,” said the chief oncologist of the Ministry of Health. – But even at stages 3-4, when metastases are common, with a competent approach to treatment, it is possible to achieve that a person crosses the one-year survival threshold.

Academician Kaprin called five scientifically proven master rulesto reduce the risk of cancer:

1. Keep out of the sun. Sun exposure is the most common cause of skin cancer.

2. Don’t smoke. “Think about it: smokers are 30 times more likely to get cancer. And this is not only cancer of the lung, but also of the bladder, larynx, esophagus and other organs,” the doctor emphasized. To put it simply: the toxic substances that occur when inhaling tobacco smoke cause systemic inflammation and stimulate the appearance of tumor cells.

3. Lose weight and move more. Obesity and physical inactivity are among the leading risk factors for the development of colorectal cancer, breast cancer and other cancers.

“And don’t forget that red meat has been shown to increase the risk of colorectal cancer,” the oncologist noted. Doctors recommend eating beef, pork and lamb no more than a couple of times a week.

4. Limit alcohol. As with smoking, toxins produced in the body provoke dangerous mutations that lead to cell degeneration and the development of cancer.

5. Pass oncoscreenings. These are regular examinations and examinations that allow you to “catch” the most common types of cancer at an early stage. In Russia, cancer screenings are included in the free medical examination. Details about them – in the “Health” section on


Answering the question of how the current political and economic situation affected the treatment of cancer patients, Academician Kaprin said:

– There is no shortage of imported medicines for cancer patients today. As for the supply of high-tech medical equipment from abroad, there has not been a single refusal so far. We meet only with a delivery delay of 2-3 weeks (due to changes in transportation routes. – Ed.).

Also, scientific contacts and the exchange of medical experience with foreign colleagues were not interrupted, the doctor said.

– This autumn, from September 19 to 23, we will hold the V Anniversary International Forum of Oncology and Radiotherapy “For a life”. Leading oncologists from Russia and countries near and far abroad are invited to participate. Two thousand people will be present in person and about 5 thousand more in an online format, Academician Kaprin announced.

How to get to the leading oncourologists for free and without referrals

The National Medical Research Center for Radiology of the Ministry of Health, headed by Andrey Kaprin, has started Men’s Health Month. It is dedicated to the fight against prostate cancer.

As part of the campaign, until August 31, men over 45 can take a free blood test for PSA (prostate-specific antigen) and receive a consultation from an oncourologist based on the results of the test.

To do this, you must pre-register by calling: 8 (484) 399-31-30. Take your passport, OMS (compulsory medical insurance) policy and SNILS (pension insurance certificate, if available) with you.

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