As part of the strategy to combat the hydrocarbon theft, Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) has signed several collaboration agreements with the Secretary of National Defense (Sedena), in order to safeguard the pipelines. As a result, the State productive company would have a debt of more than one billion pesos with the agency headed by Luis Crescencio Sandoval.
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Pemex’s debt goes back years 2018 and 2019when certain agreements were signed with the Sedena to provide security at the oil company facilities and thus stop this illegal activity also known as huachicol.
According to leaked documents from the Sedena -released by the Guacamaya group-, Pemex granted him an “advance” of 245 million 447 thousand 88.87 pesos to said institution as part of its actions to combat the huachicol, corresponding to the period of 2018.
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The following year, a payment of 529 million 991.20 pesosas well as another of 47 million 949 thousand 842.45 pesos for the use of technologies and “general expenses”, is indicated in the report “Executive Agenda Plan Robo de Hidrocarburos en Pemex (general information and security strategy for 6 polyducts)”, to which had access The Sun of Mexico.
Between those two years, Pemex accumulated a debt of one thousand 75 million 625 thousand 929.93 pesos for the security tasks that the Sedena carried out to reduce the theft of hydrocarbons and clandestine intakes. These actions also included medical examinations for the drivers of the tanker vehicles that transported the fuel, the operating expenses of the tank trucks, as well as the air and land transportation of the drivers.
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For this, the Sedena invested a total of 108 million 230 thousand 79 pesos only in fuel and aircraft maintenance and ground units. Regarding food, labeling, medical examinations and transportation, 18 million 391 thousand 772 pesos were disbursed.
The report also notes that the drivers payment generated an expense of 885 million 742 thousand 418.53 pesos. The company “Triple I” was the one that was in charge of transferring said money to the Sedena from February 1 to December 25, 2019.
Given this, in January 2020 the agency in charge of General Luis Cresencio Sandoval warned Pemex that, if the debt was not covered, the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP) would intervene to recover the money “via budget.” Previously, Sedena had indicated to the company headed by Octavio Romero Oropeza that payments would have to be made before September 30, 2019.
So far it is unknown if part of said debt has already been covered.
The report mentions that between Sedena and Pemex there are at least three collaboration agreements to combat the huachicol, in addition to a couple of “additional supports”, of which it was only detailed that 5,674 military elements participated until January 2020.
The first of these has to do with the security at 73 Pemex facilities. The agreement was called “Sedena-Pemex 2019-2024” and contemplated 2,552 troops, of which more than 950 were in charge of monitoring six polyducts.
The second agreement was entitled “Sedena-Pemex Agreement 20192024)” in which 1,300 elements collaborated, while in the third -called “Collaboration Agreement for the sealing and disabling clandestine taps”- 116 troops contributed.
In the first semester of this 2022, Pemex lost 8 thousand 633 million pesos for activities of huachicol, according to official reports. It was detailed that from April to June the daily volume of fuel stolen was approximately 6,500 barrels. If each barrel contains about 159 liters, it is clear that organized crime groups extracted about a million liters every day.