In July 2020, Kravchuk led a Ukrainian delegation to the Tripartite Contact Group for Donbas, an area in eastern Ukraine that has been the subject of Ukrainian-Russian disputes since 2014 and where fierce fighting is currently taking place.
He replaced the second Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma in this position, the Unian agency stated.
In June 2021, the media wrote that Kravchuk’s health had deteriorated. Then came the news that he had undergone heart surgery. After this procedure, he was in the intensive care unit and connected to a lung ventilator.
After the operation, the former president recovered in Germany. Recently, the media wrote that his condition had worsened again, the Unian agency said. Kravchuk celebrated his eightieth birthday in January.
Last week the first leader of independent Belarus also died at the age of 87 and signatory of the White Tower Agreement Stanislav Šuškevič.
Kravchuk was born on January 10, 1934 in the village of Veliky Zhitin in the Rovno region of Ukraine. He graduated from Kiev State University. In the years 1960-1989 he held various management positions in the Communist Party apparatus, then until September 1990 he worked as the secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine.
In July 1990, he became chairman of the then Supreme Soviet of Ukraine. In this capacity, he was instrumental in introducing Ukrainian as the language of the case.
Kravchuk, Yeltsin and Shushevich at the signing of the so-called Białowieża Agreement:
Under his presidency, parliament passed a law on Ukraine’s economic independence, deleted an article from the constitution on the Communist Party’s leading role, and enshrined the supremacy of Ukrainian laws over federal ones.
During the coup attempt in August 1991, he stood up for the USSR leader Mikhail Gorbachev, and a few days later he announced his resignation from the Communist Party, of which he had been a member since 1958.