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The child experiences nervous stress, how to save, what to do

A photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS

Psychologists say: today every eighth child is overly anxious, constantly waiting for danger, a trick, something bad, imagines some kind of danger. Because of this, the child may be emotionally unstable, get tired quickly, sleep poorly. Over time, this condition can develop into an anxiety disorder. About a third of adolescents worldwide suffer from anxiety disorders of varying severity.

“In case of anxiety, the child’s body reacts physiologically and with reactions: breathing quickens, sensitivity decreases for a while, the heart begins to beat rapidly, blood glucose levels rise, blood pressure rises,” explains a senior researcher, medical psychologist for adolescent children, head of the laboratory of special psychology and remedial education of the National Research Center for Children’s Health of the Ministry of Health of Russia Tatyana Sviridova. – This is due to the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system, because the body is preparing for active actions (for example, to run away from a predator – approx. Ed.).

THREE REASONS FOR ANXIETY

1. Physiological, clinical

Increased anxiety can be a symptom of various diseases, for example, malfunctions of the endocrine system, respiratory system, and circulatory system.

2. Personal, dependent on character

In some children with an anxious character, this is a feature of the nervous system. The tendency to anxiety is adjacent to shyness, insecurity, low self-esteem, excessive sensitivity to the assessments of others and low stress resistance.

3. Social factors, crises in the family

The most powerful triggers are a crisis in the family (illness of a loved one, abuse), sudden changes in living conditions (even moving), a collision with an extreme situation. There are also constantly influencing factors, which are called chronic stressors: “This is a violation of parent-child relationships (for example, when a child is forced to play the role of an adult with infantile parents – ed.), excessive psychophysical stress (overload at school), bullying – bullying at school or social networks, the negative impact of the media, Internet resources,” explains Tatyana Sviridova.

Now, when parents are also on edge, anxious children are more likely to feel negative attitudes and perceive any information.

Now, when parents are also on edge, anxious children are more likely to feel negative attitudes and perceive any information.

A photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS

HOW CAN I HELP YOU

Now, when parents are also on edge, anxious children are more likely to feel negative attitudes and perceive any information. Any spoken word can trigger anxiety. Therefore, in a stressful situation when dealing with a child prone to anxiety, adults should be very careful and follow a few rules. Moreover, your psychological state and attitude to the situation are guidelines for the child.

1. Do not give negative predictions and speak in a calm tone

If you talk about current events, keep a calm tone, try to delve less into the news agenda in front of a child. Avoid negative predictions.

2. Maintain the most familiar lifestyle and daily routine

All household duties should remain with both adults and the child. Do not interrupt communication with loved ones, relatives, friends. The child should have hobbies, hobbies, and still be sure to have time and the opportunity to be alone with himself.

“Switching the child’s attention from anxious experiences to feasible interesting things will reduce the level of stress, strengthen confidence that everything is stable in life,” the psychologist explains.

3. More water treatments

The nervous system is well influenced by classes in the pool, long walks, sports games.

4. And hugs

Love, warmth, support – this is the main thing for every person, especially a small one. Do not refuse the child in bodily contact – hug more, stroke his head. Talk about his feelings and how important they are to you. Let him know that you will always listen and support.

5. Teach breathing techniques

If a child is prone to anxiety, he should have activities that help him relax (for example, drawing, modeling, where the child can draw or mold his fears). It is also important to teach the child the simplest breathing practices that will help to cope with a stressful situation.

The simplest exercise that adults also need to practice if anger or fear covers: inhaling deeply, count to four, hold your breath (one or two), also exhale deeply, counting to four. It is better to breathe through the nose, but if emotions go off scale, then it is possible through the mouth. When you practice counting to four, increase your inhale-exhale interval by counting to five. The most optimal is up to eight.

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