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Rites and superstitions of Tuesday the 13th, from “don’t get married or embark” to “day of bad luck”

At the last supper, 13 were the apostles.  And that number was carried by Judas, who would betray Jesus
At the last supper, 13 were the apostles. And that number was carried by Judas, who would betray Jesus

Do not go under a ladder, do everything possible so that a black cat does not cross in front of us from left to right, avoid the danger of facing seven years of misfortune if we break a mirror, do not spill salt or wine, do not open an umbrella indoors, are some of the admonitions that can only bring us bad luck. Not counting some home rites of not greeting each other under a door frame, and in matters of money it is essential to step on the comb that falls to the floor and then put it in your pocket, or if the palm of your right hand itches, put it in the pocket, so we will receive money, because if our left stings, we will surely lose it.

In the vast conglomerate of superstitions and home beliefs, there is an emblematic day of bad luck: the famous Tuesday the 13th.

The God Loki belongs to Norse mythology.  At the famous banquet of the gods, of which there were 13, he raised a terrible racket (Wikipedia)
The God Loki belongs to Norse mythology. At the famous banquet of the gods, of which there were 13, he raised a terrible racket (Wikipedia)

The mandate of this date is strict: do not marry or embark, nor leave your house, slogan respected by believers and unbelievers, just in case. Because witches don’t exist, but there are, there are.

Pagan anniversary of Latin Americans and some European peoples, such as the Spanish and the Greeks, since time immemorial various cultures contributed to the number 13 having a bad press.

It may interest you: Tuesday the 13th: where does the myth of bad luck come from?

All despite efforts to the contrary. Over the centuries, the church tried to combat superstitions, respected by various cultures, and argued that they introduced greed, ignorance and discord. They degraded divinity and produced fanaticism. but there was no case.

Tarot card 13 represents death.  It is a skeleton with a scythe that does not distinguish between kings and commoners.
Tarot card 13 represents death. It is a skeleton with a scythe that does not distinguish between kings and commoners.

However, there is in the human being a need to believe and that is where reasoning is defeated. Why was Tuesday the 13th imposed as a date of bad omen?

Let’s see.

13 were the members of the last supper with JesusAnd it is Judas to whom that number was awarded because he was the traitor, the one who delivered it for a handful of coins.

The chapter of the Apocalypse and the account of the seven headed beast it’s in the chapter 13. That beast had a body similar to a leopard, with the feet of a bear and the mouth of a lion, which blasphemed against God.

In Jewish culture, The Shedim are demons descended from serpents., who could take on traits of angels or even humans. According to the Talmud, God created demons – who were described as Adam’s cursed progeny – after man, on the sixth day before the Sabbath. They also assure that they were 13.

The God Mars was at the top of the popularity ranking, for the Roman people (Wikipedia)
The God Mars was at the top of the popularity ranking, for the Roman people (Wikipedia)

In this ranking it is necessary to include Loki, god of evil for the Norse. He is associated with wickedness, deceit and envy. When he arrived uninvited at the banquet of the Norse guild gods, he was literally shunned. “Don’t you dare ever again set foot in our sacred halls, nor contaminate the pure air of Asgard with your presence”they warned him. At that meeting, where they were 13Loki, enraged by contempt, murdered a servant and dispatched with a flurry of insults and threats towards odin, their women and warriors. No one was saved. Suddenly she entered the room. Thor, who was absent, and upon hearing what this character was saying, tried to kill him with his hammer. But Loki turned into a snake and fled to the mountains, where his story would continue.

The 13th card in the Tarot is death. Arcanum XIII is represented by a skeleton that in its left hand brandishes a scythe with which it cuts off the heads of kings and commoners, that is, no one is saved from it. It does not necessarily represent death as a physical disappearance, but as something in our lives culminating, a change that can even be positive. But it’s still number 13.

Some prefer not to do anything important that day and for others it is a day like any other.
Some prefer not to do anything important that day and for others it is a day like any other.

Why Tuesday? It alludes to the God Mars who, for the bellicose Romans, was the God of war, synonymous with death and destruction. He came from a very illustrious family: his father was Jupiter and his mother was Junegoddess of marriage and queen of the gods. Mars it was also a symbol of masculine virility, of bravery and violence. As he was considered the father of Romuluswas the most worshiped deity in Rome and shared popularity with Jupiter.

To top, on a Tuesday the God Typhon would have been born, a winged monster related to hurricanes. It would have been a Tuesday when in 1453 the Ottomans seized Constantinople, which meant the fall of the Roman Empire in the East.

After the flood and noah’s ark, God entrusted men to populate the earth. But these, who all spoke the same language, ordered the construction of a tower towards the sky to be able to speak with him. This one, upset, they say that It was a Tuesday the 13th that confused the languages so that men could understand each other and thus put aside the crazy idea of ​​the tower.

The rational arguments of scientists, thinkers and researchers were not able to counter superstitions. There are hotels that do not have room number 13 and buildings that skip that floor and go from 12 to 14. For others, it is a day like any other. The truth is that the individual has a need to believe and at one point reasoning is defeated. We ignore the true scope of Tuesday the 13th. But, just in case, we propose crossing our fingers.

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