Russia approved a new maritime doctrine, replacing the previous one, adopted in 2015.
In the new doctrine attention is focused on global rivalry with the United States, the creation of new naval bases of the Russian Federation in the world, as well as the strengthening of the Black Sea Fleet, Ukrinform reports.
The document notes that the main threats to the Russian Federation will remain, in particular, “the US strategic course for dominance in the World Ocean …”, “the efforts of the United States and allies to limit Russia’s access to the resources of the World Ocean and vital maritime transport communications”, “territorial claims to Russia of some states relating to some of its coastal and island territories, the advancement of NATO infrastructure to the borders of Russia, armed conflicts in areas of special geopolitical importance for Russia.
The main risks for Russia in the doctrine are, in particular, “attempts to revise the provisions of the Maritime Law governing maritime activities in the Arctic and the Black Sea, as well as “the absence of a significant number of bases outside of Russia to provide ships and vessels of the Navy that perform tasks in remote areas of the oceans.”
According to the document, Russia plans to build new naval service points in the Asia-Pacific region to “monitor the safety of the functioning of maritime transport communications in this region.”
In the waters of the Black and Azov Seas, Russia plans, in particular, “to comprehensively strengthen the geopolitical positions of the Russian Federation in the region” and “to improve and strengthen the grouping of Black Sea Fleet forces, to develop their infrastructure in the Crimea and on the coast of the Krasnodar Territory.”
Russia also plans to intensify maritime activities in the Arctic and deploy control over the military activity of foreign states in the waters of the Northern Sea Route. In particular, it is planned to intensify and diversify maritime activities in the Svalbard archipelago, Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya and Wrangel Island.
As noted in the doctrine, “if the possibilities of political, diplomatic and other tools in the vital areas of the World Ocean are exhausted, Russia can use military force in accordance with the situation.”
As reported, after the spread of misinformation about the “attack” on the headquarters of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation and the wounding of five people, the Russians announced that they were canceling all measures on the occasion of the Navy Day in the Crimea they occupied on July 31. Instead, in the temporarily occupied Sevastopol, sailors were jumping into the water from an extreme height.