Day without changes for the RTSI (Russia)which begins the session on Friday, January 13 with a variation of the 0.13%until the 1,014.57 points, after the start of the opening session. Regarding past days, the RTSI (Russia) with this data he stops the streak that he had in the previous four days.
In relation to the last seven days, the RTSI (Russia) records an increase of 7.84%; although in year-on-year terms it still maintains a decrease in 36.78%. The RTSI (Russia) a 0.13% below its maximum this year (1,015.94 points) and a 7.84% above its minimum price so far this year (940.85 points).
What is a stock index and what is it for?
a stock index It is an indicator that measures the evolution of the price of a certain set of assets.So you need to have data from multiple companies or sectors from a fragment of the market.
These indicators are used mainly by the stock markets of various countries and each of them can be integrated by firms with specific requirements such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of business, there are also some indices that only take into account a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.
Stock indices serve as indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of stock investments and shares of an entity. Generally, if investors are not confident, stock prices will tend to fall.
They also work to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make comparisons between return and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. To see carefully how the shares of companies tended to rise or fall together in price, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (since it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses
Today in humanity there are various indices and they can come together based on their geography, sectors, company size or even asset classFor example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest largely technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
How to read an index?
Each stock index has its own way of being measured, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. This is obtained by multiplying the value of the day of the title in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in the hands of investors.
Companies listed on the stock market are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must be notified every three or six months, as appropriate.
Reading a stock index also requires paying attention to its changes over time. Current indices always open at a fixed value based on stock prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be a source of misunderstandings.
If one index grows 500 points in one day, while another only gets 20, it might appear that the former outperformed. However, if the former started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be concluded that, in percentage terms, the gains for the latter were considerable.
What are the major stock indices?
Between the major US stock indices is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Joneswhich is made up of 30 companies, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, one must not forget the Nasdaq 100which associates 100 of the largest non-financial firms.
On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index containing the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; the ACC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.
In the asian continentthe main stock indices are the nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, which is listed as the most solid in China, made up of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.
Talking about Latin Americayou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most consolidated firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them belong to the capital of tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; the Merval from Argentina; the IPSA From Chile; the MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; the IBC de Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; the MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.