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Opening of the OMX Stockholm 30 this December 26

This year the markets have registered a constant volatility.  (Infobae)
This year the markets have registered a constant volatility. (Infobae)

No change login for the OMXS 30which opens on Monday, December 26 with a variation of the until the 2,054.33 points, after the start of the opening session. In relation to the changes of this day with respect to past days, the OMXS 30 it changes the sense of the previous data, when it was recorded at 1.06%, showing that it is unable to establish a definite trend lately.

Taking into account the last seven days, the OMXS 30 mark a rise in 0.31%; but in the last year he still maintains a drop in 15.13%. The OMXS 30 a 16.36% below its maximum this year (2,456.17 points) and a 14.49% above its minimum price for the current year (1,794.39 points).

Stock indices… What for?

a stock index It is an indicator that shows how the price of a set of assets evolvesfor which it collects data from different companies or sectors of a fragment of the market.

These indicators are used mainly by the stock markets of various countries and each of them can be integrated by companies with different specificities such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry, in addition, there are some indices that only consider a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.

Stock indices serve as indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and the performance of investments in shares and shares of a company. Generally, if investors do not have confidence, the costs of shares will tend to fall.

They also work to measure the performance of an asset manager and they allow investors to make a comparison between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. To carefully investigate how the shares of companies tended to rise or fall together in price, he created two indices: one that contained the 20 largest railway companies (as it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses

Currently in our economy there are various indices and They can be grouped according to their location, sectors, the size of the companies or also the type of assetFor example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mostly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

How is it calculated and how to read them?

Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the title in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in circulation in the market.

Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must come to light every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock index also requires paying attention to its changes over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this method. So it can be confusing.

If one index sees an increase of 500 points in one day, while another only gets 20, it might appear that the former performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be assumed that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were higher.

These are the main stock indices

Between the main stock indices in the American Union is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jonesmade up of 30 companies, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, one must not forget the Nasdaq 100which unites 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most prominent indices of Europe are the eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index containing the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; the ACC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

In the asian continentthe main stock indices are the nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the most solid in China, made up of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about the latin american regionyou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most influential firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them belong to the capital of tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; the Merval from Argentina; the IPSA From Chile; the MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; the IBC de Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; the MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.

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