What a historical and overwhelming era we have to live in… we could define it as a sinusoid in which freedom meanders before the attacks of the classic, vernacular left and extreme right-wing nationalism/populism, as docile and faithful partner of lovers of the hammer and sickle, ultra-marginal remnants of communism, today only present in original form in Cuba and North Korea.
Let us remember that we define liberalism as the political, economic and philosophical doctrine that defends individual freedomadvocates the State limited and strong in its specific functions, restricting its intervention in social life and consequently promoting private initiative as a means for economic growth and general welfare.
Likewise, he is a firm and passionate defender of individual liberties, opposing absolutism and enlightened despotism from the beginning, regimes in force mainly during the sinister and perverse Middle Ages, from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 to the year 1492 with the discovery of America.
It constitutes, in synthesis, the current of thought whose three basic fundamental columns are: Rule of lawthe Democracy and the Market economy. We will not get tired of remembering that this tripod is inseparable since if one of its legs is missing, the doctrine can be classified in a thousand different ways but it will never be considered liberal.
The history of this current of thought that ended slavery in all senses and for the first time in thousands of years the dignity of the human being was finally recognized, spans most of the last three centuries, beginning with the Revolution Gloriosa, English Constitutionalism and the American Revolution, among other important sources, as a response to the brutal religious wars in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries and the lack of recognition of the inalienable rights of people, emphasizing the development of arguments against the absolute monarchy and its claim of monopoly on the truth from the political, economic, philosophical and religious point of view.
The intellectual foundations were laid by John Locke which pointed to a decisive impulse of the Illustration whose extraordinary legacy constitutes the governing scaffolding of Liberalism, that is, of Institutional System of Freedom who unequivocally questioned the old traditions of medieval societies and their despotic and totalitarian governments. These new ideas eventually coalesced into powerful revolutionary movements that overthrew feudal, authoritarian regimes, especially in Europe, Latin America, and North America.
The underlying question is how the Liberalism understands human nature and establishes a proposal for all people to access the highest level of potential prosperity that they have in accordance with the values, attitudes and suitability they possess, together with the greatest possible degree of freedom within a society that reduces inevitable conflicts to a minimum. At the same time, it rests on two vital attitudes that make up its genesis: tolerance and reason consequently contrary to any type of dogmas that only bring backwardness, intellectual and economic poverty. The government must result from the consent of free human beings in order to regulate public life without interfering in the private sphere, including the political and/or religious ideas of its inhabitants.
for liberalism the state has been conceivedby” Y “for” the individual and not inverted. The exercise of individual freedom is valued as an irreplaceable condition to reach the highest levels of progress, emphasizing that the right to private property is fundamental since without it the individual is perpetually at the mercy of the State.
We must also remember that this Doctrine is based on individual responsibility since there can be no freedom without it. Men and women are responsible for their actions, assuming risks always taking into account the consequences of their decisions, without ever interfering with the rights of others. Precisely and to regulate the rights and duties of the individual in relation to his peers, the Rule of lawthat is to say, a society governed by positive laws that do not grant any advantage to any person, party or group, thus strictly avoiding any type of privileges.
The third column that we mentioned at the beginning of this work that makes it possible to achieve individual development and efficiency in the allocation of resources, is through a free market, without the intervention of the State, whose only function in this regard is to create the conditions for “competition” and “equal opportunities” for all citizens. Its origins were consolidated as a response to the privileges of the nobility that contributed little or nothing to society as a whole and, on the other hand, the rejection of mercantilism, a retrograde school of thought that strongly defends the unhealthy meddling of the State in the economy. A concrete example was the way the Spanish Crown subjugated its American colonies, including the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. For liberalism, the forces of supply and demand are the natural way that will lead to an equilibrium where prices reflect the relative scarcity of the goods available.
Regarding democracy, in order for it to be truly integral, it has to be multiparty and it must be organized with a small but extremely efficient government since experience has unequivocally shown that state bureaucracies tend to grow exponentially they inexorably abuse the powers that have been vested in them.
We see with crystal clarity that in this 21st century we will need vigorous multilateral organizations accepted by the international community as a whole, which dictate the rules of action, supervise and control interventions and settle differences. In summary, that they give international legitimacy to these actions, since it is about obtaining more effective results represented by a consolidated multilateralism, with a distribution of power that reflects the real capacities of its members (strictly speaking, an update of the concept of “balance of power” of the Treaty of Vienna – 1815).
All of this added to a more general approach to the interests, values and perspectives of all of them, moving them away from a univocal vision and simultaneously adhering to a system of making, applying the decisions and resolutions adopted more in line with the speed, immediacy and speed that characterize to the world today. We refer specifically to the global scourge that means the unfortunate resurgence of nationalisms represented by extreme right-wing populist and racist governments, incredibly camouflaged as democratic but which are the antithesis of the liberal system, as we undoubtedly recognize it.
In short, it is essential to continue on the successful path of globalization, interdependence, economic freedoms, openness to the world and, consequently, confirm a A resounding “NO” to isolationism.
The world thus strengthened will continue to move in this direction with courage, tolerance, firmness and decision, overcoming the natural inconveniences that always arise when profound and radical changes are made. That the tree does not cover the forest for us, let us always analyze the situation from the most impartial and aseptic perspective possible, without falling into pernicious prejudices that only lead to wrong decisions. Without hesitation, let us cross this platinum bridge that history offers us with the purpose of retaking the ideals of the unforgettable “Generation of the Eighties” with courage and bravery, defeating the myths and erroneous policies of the last decades, embracing with all our might lost political and economic freedoms.
As the great Sir Winton Churchill said. “If we open a dispute between the past and the present, we will discover that we have lost the future.”
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