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how to teach the correct daily routine?

From the correct daily routine of the child depends on his physical and mental health, – says Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Vice-Rector of the Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education Valery Anatolyevich Doskin.

What are human biorhythms?

Biorhythms are characteristic of every person from birth, he receives them by inheritance from his ancestors. They gradually adapt to the environment. However, if they are changed and destroyed endlessly, overwork and exhaustion of the body occur. As a result, children develop neurotic disorders and other diseases.

Children, like adults, are divided into so-called “larks”, “owls” and “doves”.

  • LarksThey go to bed early and wake up early, they are especially active in the morning.
  • owls“often flirt late in the evening, it is difficult to put them to bed on time, but in the morning they wake up slowly and with difficulty.
  • pigeons” adapt best to normal, average mode and to changing environmental conditions.

Do not remake “owls” and “larks” and vice versa. In order for a child to grow up healthy, it is necessary to observe him and find out what his daily regimen is. The daily routine should be selected for the child in such a way that it matches his biological rhythms as much as possible – then they will normalize and become fixed.

How to distinguish baby owls from larks?

Children whose biorhythms are tuned to the daily routine do not cause much trouble to parents. They are usually

  • obedient
  • rarely naughty
  • almost always friendly and cheerful,
  • eat well and develop normally physically.

Babies with disordered biorhythms are different

  • unbalanced character,
  • are often irritated
  • excited
  • eat poorly, sleep
  • and often lag behind their peers in development.

Sometimes the biological rhythms of a child are upset due to illness.

Rhythms of the body

The basic rhythm of the body is sleep-wake. Babies sleep up to 16 times a day, for a total of about 20 hours. With age, the duration of nighttime sleep in babies remains almost the same, and the need for daytime sleep decreases. One and a half to two-year-old children sleep twice during the day, and starting from the age of three – only once. After five or six years, a significant part of the children completely lose the need to sleep during the day.

Daytime sleep for children under five or six years old is a must. Toddlers get tired faster than adults, and rest for them is not just a decrease in activity and peace. Mobility should be replaced by complete relaxation, which is achieved only during a full sleep. This alternation corresponds to the rhythm of activity and rest of all organs and systems of the child. The duration of night and daytime sleep in children is different. Some babies need more time to rest their body, others less.

Within the rhythms of sleep, there are periods of superficial and deep sleep, which replace each other several times. Little sleepers spend more time in the deep stages of sleep and get enough sleep. And those who sleep for a long time, are most of this time in a state of superficial sleep. Whether a child sleeps enough is evidenced by the state of his health and behavior.

Failures of the child’s biorhythms occur through the fault of adults

It often happens that parents cannot put the child to bed until late at night, and in the morning it is difficult to wake him up or, no matter what time he went to bed, the baby wakes up early. It happens that small children generally confuse day with night: they sleep a lot during the day, and are awake at night, haunting their parents. Such failures in the natural daily rhythms of the child occur, as a rule, through the fault of adults.

Feeding babies and their biorhythms

Free-form infant feeding allows you to follow their nutritional needs. Nevertheless, the frequency of feeding, like other regime moments, should fit into the rhythms of the family. To teach the child to sleep longer at night, the largest interval between feedings should fall at night. If the hours of night feeding are gradually pushed back to later, in the morning the child will wake up later. Thus, by changing the feeding time a little, it can be timed to coincide with the morning awakening of the baby.

Why is it difficult for a child to fall asleep?

Sometimes before going to bed, some everyday events excite the child and then it is difficult for him to fall asleep. Often in the room where the baby is sleeping, a bright light is on, adults, without lowering their voices, discuss their problems, the TV is loud. Parents may not attach importance to the fact that the child falls asleep later and later, and thereby lengthens the time of his wakefulness. Minor, but often recurring disturbances in the rhythm of life cause deviations in the biorhythms of the child.

How to introduce the baby into the correct daily routine?

In the correct mode of the day, you need to introduce the baby gradually, day after day. First you need to determine what time the baby should go to bed so that he gets enough sleep, gets up not too early and not too late. And then daily “pull up” his night’s sleep to this hour. If parents want the child to go to bed earlier in the evening, it is better to put him to bed early in the afternoon, right after dinner.

Within a few hours after morning and afternoon awakening, the child should move moreso that in the second half of the period of wakefulness he is tired enough and wants to sleep. All the time of physical activity, he should be in a well-lit room. An hour or two before bedtime, the behavior of the baby should be calm.

Getting ready for bed will help your child develop the habit of going to bed at the same time.. It consists of peculiar rituals: he must brush his teeth, wash himself or take a warm bath, before going to bed he must tell a fairy tale or read a book. The toy that the baby takes with him to bed is also part of the traditional preparation for sleep, with it he will fall asleep faster. Some children need the touch of their mother’s hands, stroking or patting.

What to look for to calm the child?

The sequence of all these actions will calm the child. Without the obligatory preparation for sleep, the child’s body very easily loses its rhythm. Among adults with sleep disorders, most have not developed such rituals since childhood. Small children before going to bed should be taken in their arms so that they calm down. This makes it easier for them to fall asleep. If the baby needs to be rocked, you can not refuse him this. Monotonous movements help to establish regular biorhythms in children.

By the way, it is very useful for children to ride on a swing – this also helps to establish the correct “sleep-wake” rhythm. It would be nice to hang a children’s swing in the house, in the doorway, so that the baby can swing as much as he wants. A pacifier for many kids is also part of the bedtime ritual. It happens that it is enough for a baby to suck on it a little to be overcome by sleep.

Some parents are afraid that the child will not be able to wean from the pacifier or being rocked in their arms, and avoid this. The pacifier can be removed from the baby’s mouth immediately after he has fallen asleep, and then given for an increasingly short time. The duration of rocking it before going to bed can also be reduced every day until it stops completely.

Children fall asleep better and sleep better in the dark. Children who are forced to sleep in bright light often become nervous and restless. The child’s bedroom can be lit only slightly, subdued light. There is no need to maintain absolute silence when the baby is sleeping in the house. Soft, monotonous sounds soothe him and help him fall asleep. Before putting the child to sleep, his room must be ventilated. If a child has a clear biological rhythm, but he gets up early and does not allow his parents to sleep, his regimen does not need to be rebuilt. A two-year-old baby, waking up, can occupy himself on his own. In the evening, he needs to put toys near the crib, put a cup of water or juice, put some cookies so that he can have a snack.

If the kids are naughty when eating, they need a different diet. The rhythm of children’s food activity is also subject to biological rhythms. It is difficult to achieve coincidence of meals with periods of physiological activity of the digestive organs. But if from time to time during the day they coincide, the child will eat better and more willingly.

This is most likely to be achieved with frequent meals in small portions – 4 – 5 times a day. Then the food is better absorbed than with rare meals in large portions. Given the natural biological rhythms of children, sometimes you can help them avoid unpleasant sensations. For example, in the treatment of teeth: they are most sensitive to pain after 18 hours. This procedure will be less painful for the child if you take him to the dentist in the morning.

Not so long ago, a new direction in medicine appeared – chronotherapy. Sick children are prescribed medication not just by the hour, but in accordance with biorhythms. Human organs react to drugs differently at different times of the day. When drugs are prescribed taking into account the daily rhythm of the child, their effectiveness increases and the prescribed doses can be significantly reduced. This medication reduces their side effects and the likelihood of complications.

Lyudmila KOCHUBEY

How are biorhythms formed in children?

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