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How the Russian military-industrial complex is ready for an offensive in Ukraine

According to the expert, the defense complex as a whole meets the tasks set for the country.  Photo: Marina Moldavskaya / TASS

According to the expert, the defense complex as a whole meets the tasks set for the country. Photo: Marina Moldavskaya / TASS

FAILURE TO DEFENSE ORDER CAN GET A DEPARTMENT

“Everything for the front, everything for victory” – this slogan of the Great Patriotic War is just right to remember now. The mobilization regime announced in the country concerns not only conscription into the army, but also the strengthening of the activity of the military-industrial complex.

– I will add that the decree on partial mobilization also provides for additional measures to fulfill the state defense order, – said in his speech on September 21 Russian President Vladimir Putin. – The heads of defense industry enterprises are directly responsible for solving the tasks of increasing the production of weapons and military equipment, and deploying additional production capacities. In turn, all issues of material, resource and financial support for defense enterprises must be resolved by the government immediately.

What is behind these words?

“This is not just a call to mobilize such a call to get together and work better, there is a very specific and strict meaning behind the president’s words about the responsibility of the heads of defense industry enterprises,” a military expert captain of the 1st rank of the reserve explained to KP.RU Vasily Dandykin. – Disruption of the defense order, delay, it’s no secret that this happened – now, after the changes to the Criminal Law adopted by the State Duma, all this can already be regarded as a criminal offense. The time for bargaining has passed. Delays should not be allowed.

WE ARE STRONGER IN PRACTICALLY EVERYTHING

According to the expert, the defense complex as a whole meets the tasks set for the country.

“We are strong in tank building, in the creation of artillery systems, in the production of ammunition of special power, especially hypersonic missiles, I would mention Kinzhal, Caliber, Onyx,” Dandykin continues. – In the conditions of hostilities, the replenishment of ammunition is important – Western propaganda said at the beginning of the operation that Russian missiles would only last for a month, but it turned out that this was far from the case. We are also strong in the field of high military technologies, which the Americans still cannot really master. Simply put, we are stronger in almost everything. If we take aviation, then I would note the well-functioning production of helicopters – K-52 and Mi-28 night modification.

The evil angels of modern special operations are drones. Almost a decade ago, military experts warned that in local conflicts they would largely decide the outcome of victory.

– Now in the zone of the special military operation there is a very high saturation of drones, including kamikaze, – says the expert. – Ukraine is heavily supplied by America and other countries. But we did not stand aside from these developments. We had drones in every unit, many of them performed well, for example, Orlan-10. And now the supply is increasing. And now even the Ukrainian side does not hide the fact that our drones are working very efficiently.

SEA BATTLE: HELP WILL COME FROM THE VOLGA

The most important task is facing the fleet.

“The Black Sea Fleet is now an active participant in the NMD, especially in terms of delivering strikes with Caliber sea-based missiles,” the expert says. – Frigates, small missile ships, submarines – they are also carriers of Caliber. The coastal missile troops are also participating, armed with the Bal and Bastion complexes. As it has always happened to the Black Sea people since the time of Ushakov and Nakhimov, they actively defend the southern borders of Russia.

Now the situation in the maritime theater of operations is generally favorable for Russia.

“Turkey has closed the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits, which means that the fleets of NATO, the United States and other countries that used to often visit there will not be able to enter the Black Sea,” Dandykin analyzes. – What’s left? Our fleet is based on the Black Sea, and on the other hand, the fleet of Ukraine, which practically does not exist. And there are the fleets of Romania and Bulgaria, they must also be taken into account, but they are small. All this together is incomparable in power with the Black Sea Fleet of Russia.

During the collapse of the Soviet Union, the loss of Nikolaev, where military shipyards were located, was a huge loss. But now this loss is compensated.

– Crimean shipyards and a shipyard in Zelenodolsk, on the Volga, work for the Black Sea Fleet – from there, ships are delivered via inland routes to the Black Sea, – the expert continues. – These are small missile ships of the Karakurt type, they will be supplied, and as far as is known, one of them, the Cyclone, has already been put into service. Such ships will enter service and increase the power of the Black Sea Fleet. The ships that are being built in Rybinsk at the Vympel shipyard can also help the fleet.

So, on our side there is a powerful naval grouping with the support of aviation, on the enemy side – coastal missile systems, mainly foreign ones.

“The Black Sea Fleet will have a lot of work to do, but I hope it will manage,” says Dandykin. – A very strong grouping of the submarine fleet, here our positions are traditionally strong – both diesel boats and boats with strategic missiles leave on time.

The heads of defense industry enterprises are directly responsible for solving the tasks of increasing the production of weapons and military equipment, and deploying additional production capacities.

The heads of defense industry enterprises are directly responsible for solving the tasks of increasing the production of weapons and military equipment, and deploying additional production capacities.

A photo: Julia PYKHALOVA

IMPORT DEPENDENCE SHOULD NOT BE

But there are also problems. One of them is the survivability of ships

“The burned-out cruiser Moskva is a special sore subject,” Dandykin admits. – But all the same, this is a veteran cruiser, he was 40 years old. With the help of Mayor Luzhkov, it was repaired and served for a long time. In general, the struggle for survivability is the most difficult thing. But what to do, there are losses. But what can be said with all certainty, the survivability of our ships is quite at the level of others, including the US Navy. And for submarines even higher – this has been proven in practice, and more than once. For example, when our and American submarines collided at sea, then ours went into repair, the American – for decommissioning.

– They say in the Navy that the ship and the crew are one. In order for this to really become unified, the following practice is now being tried on – crews arrive at new buildings ahead of time, train, master the ship on the shore in order to know it thoroughly, – says our interlocutor.

Another problem of shipbuilding is a fairly strong import dependence.

“For 20 years we have not mastered modern technologies for the production of materials and assemblies, we have not created our own tool base,” military expert Vladimir Gundarov laments. – Yes, we have good machines, but they are imported. And they are under the service of Western countries. This is especially dangerous for programmable machines – their software is tied using GPS to the companies that manufacture them. There are also many imported components in the ships – their share in the total cost reaches 60%.

However, this problem is also being solved.

– With military shipbuilding the situation has changed for the better, – Dandykin is sure. – For example, domestic engines have already been installed on small rocket ships, before there were German ones. All surface ships, including frigates of the Admiral Gorshkov series, are switching to Russian power plants.

REPEAT

But we already had something similar in history – during the Great Patriotic War. Of course, the scale of the threat and the correlation of forces at that time were much less favorable for us, but even then they managed to organize the work of industry.

It turned out that the Soviet mobilization economy turned out to be head and shoulders above that of fascist Germany. “The economy of the USSR was able to mobilize faster and surpass the German one not only in terms of quantitative indicators, but also in terms of labor productivity in the military industry,” writes Irina Bystrova, a leading researcher at the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Yes, in the first months of the war, the country’s economy suffered enormous damage. “In the immediate vicinity of the western borders, 70-80% of the total stock of fuel, ammunition, food, clothing and convoys and household property was concentrated,” Anastas Mikoyan, a member of the Evacuation Council and the State Committee for the Restoration of the Economy of the Liberated Regions, wrote in his memoirs. “The enemy got a lot.”

But already on the third day of the war, the Evacuation Council was created, in which the future pre-Council of Ministers of the USSR Alexei Kosygin played a leading role. The scale (more than half of all wagons in the country were involved) and the speed of the transfer of enterprises with equipment and workers (despite the fact that civilians were also able to be taken out of the battle zone) still amaze researchers. In the first months of the war, 2,593 industrial enterprises were evacuated to the east, of which 1,360 were defense enterprises. Many of them already in the fall of 1941 mastered new sites, converted to military rails, and by the beginning of 1942 began to produce products.

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