About a third of Russians feel “anxiety and depression.”
A photo: Shutterstock
Specialists of Sechenov University released National public health monitoring, which showed that we pay little attention to pain and discomfort.
A global survey (more than 80 questions) revealed interesting facts: Russians think they are healthy, but when they are asked specific questions, they immediately begin to consider themselves sick. It’s just that in ordinary life we somehow do not notice either poor vision, or any restrictions, or a feeling of discomfort.
More than 2,000 people took part in the survey, with an average age of 45 years. It was prepared by the Interdisciplinary Center for Public Health Research at Sechenov University. “Health is not only a biological characteristic, but also a social one. And comprehensive health research allows us to make interesting discoveries and conclusions that are important for the entire healthcare system as a whole,” says Ekaterina Aleksandrova, Head of the Center for Public Health Research at Sechenov University.
“I AM PERFECTLY HEALTHY, I ONLY LIME AND WEAR GLASSES”
Perhaps the most interesting point in the survey is the objective and subjective assessment of health. One of the first questions was the assessment of their health. And 83% of Russians rate their overall health as “good”, “very good” and “excellent”. The leaders in a positive attitude are, of course, men – they are twice as likely to rate it as “excellent” or “very good.”
But when detailed questions began, surprising facts emerged: only 30% of the Russians surveyed do not have any limitations in terms of vision, hearing, walking and mobility, as well as problems with cognitive functions (memory, attentiveness, etc.), self-care and communications. “They determine the extent to which a person is capable of active social activities (education, employment, life in society, etc.),” experts explain.
At the same time, almost every second respondent noted some difficulties in at least one of the six areas of life, and every ninth spoke about serious functional limitations.
“Despite the fact that digitalization has made healthcare services more accessible, for some people with hearing, vision or mobility limitations, the problem of making an appointment with a doctor remains and digital methods are not completely solved,” comments Doctor of Medical Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vice-Rector of Sechenov University for Research and Clinical Work Viktor Fomin.
THE LOWER THE INCOME, THE HIGHER THE WEIGHT
Among the main questions that showed mindfulness for health were “are you experiencing pain or discomfort” and whether you feel anxious or depressed.
A quarter of respondents (39%) answered positively to the first question. And the older the respondents were, the greater the percentage of positive answers – for example, among 60-year-olds, more than 60% of people experience pain.
And 35% feel “anxiety and depression.” And anxiety does not depend on age, gender, income or region of residence, it occurs in all groups of respondents equally often.
If we talk about physical factors, then 52% of Russians are overweight, of which 22% are obese (on average, this figure is 13% worldwide). Moreover, the observations of world experts were confirmed – the lower the income, the higher the weight. The same is true among the Russians surveyed: the share of citizens with obesity in the group with incomes up to 20,000 rubles per month is 30%, and almost 30% are overweight.
As for smoking, in general, there is a clear decrease in the number of smokers. Thus, in 2009, about 40% of adults in Russia smoked. According to the survey, 34% now have this bad habit. At the same time, every tenth smokes more than 20 cigarettes a day.
But alcohol is used by 76% of the Russians surveyed, and 42% – with an increased risk to health. And every tenth of the risk zone is too young – 18-24 years old. “Risking” people drink more than 20 grams of pure alcohol (for women) and more than 30 grams for men per day.
SAD FIGURES: WE DO NOT LIKE DOCTORS, WE DO NOT TAKE EXAMINATIONS
* 39% of the country’s residents live with hypertension or high blood pressure. And while only half regularly takes medication to normalize it. Every fourth Russian has high cholesterol, every tenth has angina pectoris, and every ninth has heart failure.
* Over the past year, 61% of Russians applied to state medical organizations, of which 33% also applied to private ones. At the same time, 49% prefer to visit private medical facilities.
* 24% at least once did not receive help for which they came to a state medical organization and 5% – when they contacted a private clinic.
* Nevertheless, doctors competently and patiently explain problems and talk about treatment: the quality of explanations is highly appreciated by both public and private medical organizations (71% and 90%, respectively).
* 71.3% of people over the age of 40 have never had any of the colon cancer screenings.
* Over the past two years, 43.8% of Russian women over 40 have not had a mammogram, although breast cancer ranks first among oncological diseases in women.
BY THE WAY
Well, at least we play sports.
55% of the Russians surveyed exercise more than once a week with high intensity, 74% with moderate intensity.