Two years after another war between Armenia and Azerbaijan for Nagorno-Karabakh hostilities broke out again in the conflict zone. On Wednesday, August 3, the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan announced the capture of several dominant heights in Karabakh during a special military operation called Retribution.
By data Azerbaijani military department, on the morning of August 3, as a result of shelling in the Lachin region by “members of illegal Armenian armed groups”, an Azerbaijani soldier was killed. In response, the Azerbaijani forces launched Operation Retribution, under which “the heights of Girkhgyz, Sarybaba and a number of other important dominant heights along the Karabakh ridge of the Lesser Caucasus mountain range were taken under control,” the statement said. message.
Baku and Yerevan accuse each other of violating the truce
Baku accused Yerevan of violating the provisions tripartite agreement on a ceasefire in the zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. “The entire responsibility for the incident on the territory of Azerbaijan lies with the military-political leadership of Armenia, which has not yet ensured the withdrawal of illegal Armenian armed formations from the territory of a neighboring state,” stated Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. The country demanded the complete demilitarization of the territory.
The Armenian Foreign Ministry accused Azerbaijan of violating the tripartite agreement. AT statement The department says that “despite the steps taken by the Armenian side to achieve stability and peace in the region, Azerbaijan continues its pre-planned policy of intimidation of the population of Nagorno-Karabakh, its ethnic cleansing and the” creeping occupation “of Nagorno-Karabakh.”
Partial mobilization announced in Karabakh
Head of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) Arayik Harutyunyan signed a decree on partial military mobilization on August 3, according to his site. The Ministry of Defense of the unrecognized republic stated that two servicemen were killed and 14 more were injured as a result of drone strikes inflicted by the armed forces of Azerbaijan.
The Russian Defense Ministry, in turn, stated that the armed forces of Azerbaijan had violated the ceasefire regime and that “the command of the Russian peacekeeping contingent, together with representatives of the Azerbaijani and Armenian sides, are taking measures to stabilize the situation.”
EU calls for de-escalation
The European Union authorities called on the parties to the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh to immediately cease hostilities and resume negotiations. “It is necessary to reduce tensions, fully respect the ceasefire and return to the negotiating table in order to find ways based on them. settlement of the situation”, says the statement Representative of the EU Foreign Service Peter Stano. It is also noted that the European Union “remains ready to help overcome tensions and continue its participation in achieving sustainable peace and stability in the South Caucasus.”
War for Nagorno-Karabakh
The conflict between Yerevan and Baku escalated in the summer of 2020. Then, from September 27 to November 9, Armenia and Azerbaijan waged war over Nagorno-Karabakh, a region populated predominantly by Armenians. As a result of the war, which led to the death of 6.5 thousand people, Azerbaijan returned a significant part of Karabakh under its control.
With the mediation of Russia, Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a ceasefire agreement, Russian peacekeepers were brought to the line of demarcation, but tension in the region is saved.
Immediately after the collapse of the USSR in 1991, the NKR unilaterally declared independence from Azerbaijan, but no country recognized it. In the war that broke out after that in 1992-1994, up to 25-30 thousand people died on both sides and about 1 million were forced to leave their homes.
The negotiation process aimed at finding a peaceful solution to the conflict was launched in 1992 and has continued since then under the auspices of the OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by Russia, France and the United States.