On December 12, 2002, the Nicaraguan Parliament lifted the immunity of former President of the Republic Arnoldo Aleman, accused of money laundering.
1492.- Christopher Columbus orders the construction of Fort Natividad, where he leaves a garrison with the remains of the ship Santa María, lost when it ran aground in Hispaniola (Haiti).
1814.- The Spanish garrison of Bogotá honorably capitulates before Simón Bolívar.
1818.- The Congress of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata recognizes the State of Chile as a free and independent nation.
1901.- Guiglielmo Marconi sends the first message by wireless telegraphy that crossed the Atlantic, from Great Britain to Newfoundland (Canada).
1911.- George V of England founds the city of New Delhi, where the seat of the British colonial government in India is established.
1915.- The first all-metal airplane, invented by the German aviator and industrialist Hugo Junkers, is presented in Berlin.
1924.- The La Cierva autogyro makes its journey from Cuatro Vientos to Getafe, in Madrid.
1954.- Launching in Newport News, Virginia (USA), of the largest ship in the world up to then, the aircraft carrier “Forrestal”.
1956.- Fidel Castro and some of his men opposed to the Fulgencio Batista regime enter the Sierra Maestra after disembarking in the province of Oriente on the island of Cuba.
1979.- An underwater earthquake in the port of Tumaco (Colombia) measuring between 7.7 and 8.1 Richter degrees causes nearly 500 deaths and a similar number of injuries.
1981.- The Peruvian, Javier Pérez de Cuellar, is elected Secretary General of the UN.
1992.- Transfer of the mortal remains of Pablo Neruda and his companion, Matilde Urrutia, to Isla Negra (Chile).
1993.- The new Russian Constitution is approved in a referendum by majority, the first to include the principle of separation of powers.
1994.- South Africa rejoins UNESCO after 38 years of absence.
1996.- The Government and the Guatemalan guerrillas sign the pact in Madrid for the incorporation of the guerrillas into the political life of the country.
1999.- The Maltese oil tanker “Erika” capsizes off the Brittany coast, spilling more than 10,000 tons of fuel into the sea.
2003.- The president of Peru, Alejandro Toledo, calls for the resignation of all his ministers after complaints that implicate them in various cases of corruption.
2004.- Sony launches the PlayStation Portable (PSP) in Japan.
2006.- The former Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam is found guilty of genocide by a court in Addis Ababa.
2010.- Kosovo celebrates the first parliamentary elections since its unilateral independence from Serbia in February 2008.
2013.- North Korea executes the number two of the regime, Jang Song-thaek, uncle of the North Korean leader, sentenced to death for corruption.
2016.- The Portuguese Antonio Guterres is sworn in as UN Secretary General.
.- The EU and Cuba sign their first bilateral agreement on political dialogue and cooperation, after almost three decades.
2019.- Former Bolivian President Evo Morales arrives in Argentina and asks to be accepted as a refugee after his resignation from office under pressure from the opposition and the Army.
2020.- The Iranian journalist Ruholá Zam, director of the Amadnews website, is hanged after being sentenced to death for inciting the protests against the regime at the end of 2017.
1821.- Gustave Flaubert, French novelist.
1863.- Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter.
1915.- Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor.
1934.- Miguel de la Madrid, former president of Mexico.
1946.- Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian motoring champion.
1950.- Francisco Montesinos, Spanish couturier and designer.
1777.- Albert Von Haller, Swiss physiologist.
1859.- Robert Stephenson, English engineer.
1985.- Anne Baxter, American film actress.
1989.- Carlos Barral, Spanish poet, editor and politician.
1990.- Concha Piquer, Spanish singer.
1993.- Jozef Antall, historian, Prime Minister of Hungary.
2006.- Peter Boyle, American actor.
2007.- Josep Guinovart, Spanish painter.
.- Ike Turner, American singer.
2008.- Tassos Papadopoulos, former president of Cyprus.
2016.- Javier Echevarría, prelate of Opus Dei.
2019.- Danny Aiello, American actor.
2020.- John le Carré, British writer.
2021.- Vicente Fernández, Mexican singer. EFE