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Ephemeris of December 12

On December 12, 2002, the Nicaraguan Parliament lifted the immunity of former President of the Republic Arnoldo Aleman, accused of money laundering.

Other ephemeris:

1492.- Christopher Columbus orders the construction of Fort Natividad, where he leaves a garrison with the remains of the ship Santa María, lost when it ran aground in Hispaniola (Haiti).

1814.- The Spanish garrison of Bogotá honorably capitulates before Simón Bolívar.

1818.- The Congress of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata recognizes the State of Chile as a free and independent nation.

1901.- Guiglielmo Marconi sends the first message by wireless telegraphy that crossed the Atlantic, from Great Britain to Newfoundland (Canada).

1911.- George V of England founds the city of New Delhi, where the seat of the British colonial government in India is established.

1915.- The first all-metal airplane, invented by the German aviator and industrialist Hugo Junkers, is presented in Berlin.

1924.- The La Cierva autogyro makes its journey from Cuatro Vientos to Getafe, in Madrid.

1954.- Launching in Newport News, Virginia (USA), of the largest ship in the world up to then, the aircraft carrier “Forrestal”.

1956.- Fidel Castro and some of his men opposed to the Fulgencio Batista regime enter the Sierra Maestra after disembarking in the province of Oriente on the island of Cuba.

1979.- An underwater earthquake in the port of Tumaco (Colombia) measuring between 7.7 and 8.1 Richter degrees causes nearly 500 deaths and a similar number of injuries.

1981.- The Peruvian, Javier Pérez de Cuellar, is elected Secretary General of the UN.

1992.- Transfer of the mortal remains of Pablo Neruda and his companion, Matilde Urrutia, to Isla Negra (Chile).

1993.- The new Russian Constitution is approved in a referendum by majority, the first to include the principle of separation of powers.

1994.- South Africa rejoins UNESCO after 38 years of absence.

1996.- The Government and the Guatemalan guerrillas sign the pact in Madrid for the incorporation of the guerrillas into the political life of the country.

1999.- The Maltese oil tanker “Erika” capsizes off the Brittany coast, spilling more than 10,000 tons of fuel into the sea.

2003.- The president of Peru, Alejandro Toledo, calls for the resignation of all his ministers after complaints that implicate them in various cases of corruption.

2004.- Sony launches the PlayStation Portable (PSP) in Japan.

2006.- The former Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam is found guilty of genocide by a court in Addis Ababa.

2010.- Kosovo celebrates the first parliamentary elections since its unilateral independence from Serbia in February 2008.

2013.- North Korea executes the number two of the regime, Jang Song-thaek, uncle of the North Korean leader, sentenced to death for corruption.

2016.- The Portuguese Antonio Guterres is sworn in as UN Secretary General.

.- The EU and Cuba sign their first bilateral agreement on political dialogue and cooperation, after almost three decades.

2019.- Former Bolivian President Evo Morales arrives in Argentina and asks to be accepted as a refugee after his resignation from office under pressure from the opposition and the Army.

2020.- The Iranian journalist Ruholá Zam, director of the Amadnews website, is hanged after being sentenced to death for inciting the protests against the regime at the end of 2017.

BIRTHS.

1821.- Gustave Flaubert, French novelist.

1863.- Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter.

1915.- Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor.

1934.- Miguel de la Madrid, former president of Mexico.

1946.- Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian motoring champion.

1950.- Francisco Montesinos, Spanish couturier and designer.

DEATHS.

1777.- Albert Von Haller, Swiss physiologist.

1859.- Robert Stephenson, English engineer.

1985.- Anne Baxter, American film actress.

1989.- Carlos Barral, Spanish poet, editor and politician.

1990.- Concha Piquer, Spanish singer.

1993.- Jozef Antall, historian, Prime Minister of Hungary.

2006.- Peter Boyle, American actor.

2007.- Josep Guinovart, Spanish painter.

.- Ike Turner, American singer.

2008.- Tassos Papadopoulos, former president of Cyprus.

2016.- Javier Echevarría, prelate of Opus Dei.

2019.- Danny Aiello, American actor.

2020.- John le Carré, British writer.

2021.- Vicente Fernández, Mexican singer. EFE

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