EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell called for an urgent resumption of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCAP) on Iran’s nuclear program. “Now I have put a text on the table that details the lifting of sanctions, as well as the nuclear steps needed to restoration of the JCPOA. This text represents the best possible deal that I, as coordinator of the negotiations, believe is feasible,” Borrell explained in an article published on his blog on Saturday, July 30.
According to the head of European diplomacy, “concluding an agreement now will bring significant economic and financial dividends, as well as strengthen regional and global security.” At the same time, Borrell admitted that although “this is not an ideal agreement,” it “encompasses all the essential elements and includes hard-won compromises on all sides.” “Every day without an agreement in Vienna sets aside concrete economic benefits for the Iranian people through the substantial lifting of US sanctions, as well as non-proliferation gains.” Ed.) for the whole world,” the head of the European foreign policy department warned.
Implementation suffered due to Trump’s decisions
Josep Borrell recalled that the FDP concluded in 2015 secured “strict restrictions on Iran’s nuclear activities and the most extensive monitoring and inspection regime ever implemented by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).” In turn, he recalled, the deal opened “the prospect for Iran to benefit economically from the lifting of US, EU and UN sanctions.”
But the full implementation of the FDP did not happen due to the decision of US President Donald Trump. The head of the White House in 2018 announced the US withdrawal from the deal and the conduct of a unilateral campaign of “maximum pressure” on Iran. “From my side, Iran has increased its nuclear activity to an alarming level,” Borrell recalled. “The EU and all other members of the FDP have made it clear how much we disagree with the US withdrawal and the re-imposition of sanctions,” the head of European diplomacy stressed, pointing out that “maximum pressure” from the US “failed because the collective unity of the remaining participants made it possible to maintain this deal. “Concluding an agreement now will bring significant economic and financial dividends, as well as strengthen regional and global security. Rejecting it guarantees a loss on both accounts – who knows for how long,” Borrell said.
Nuclear deal with Iran
The Joint Comprehensive Action Plan, which was signed in 2015 by Iran, the US, Russia, China, Germany, France, and the UK, called for Tehran to take a series of steps to limit its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of sanctions previously imposed by the US and the EU.
Negotiations to return to compliance with the terms of the JCPOA began in Vienna in April, but have reached a dead end after the election of Ebrahim Raisi, a hardliner in relations with the West, as President of Iran. Meanwhile, Tehran continues to increase stockpiles of uranium enriched to levels that exceed those agreed in the JCPOA.