Birth rate rises in Germany for the first time in four years | News from Germany about Germany | DW

In 2021, 795,492 children were born in Germany – about 22,000 more than in 2020. The total fertility rate rose again for the first time since 2017, from 1.53 births per woman in 2020 to 1.58 births per woman in 2021, according to the Federal Statistical Office in Wiesbaden on Wednesday, August 3. According to experts, increase in the birth rate in Germany contributed to the relatively stable situation in the labor market, combined with the special situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the largest number of newborns occurred in the first and fourth quarters of 2021.

In the west, the birth rate is growing, in the east it is declining

In 2021, the birth rate increased especially in the western federal states. The largest increase was observed in Baden-Württemberg (+5%), followed by Bavaria and Hesse (+4% each). At the same time, only a slight increase of plus 1-2 percent was recorded in the eastern states of Germany. And in Thuringia and Saxony, the birth rate even decreased slightly (-1%).

The highest birth rate in 2021 was recorded in Lower Saxony – 1.66 births per woman, while the lowest rate was recorded in Berlin – 1.39 births.

Among women with German citizenship, the birth rate in 2021 was significantly higher (1.49 births per woman) than in the previous year (1.43 births per woman). Among female residents of Germany with foreign citizenship, the birth rate remained almost unchanged and amounted to 2.01 births per woman (in 2020 – 2.00 births per woman).

Women born in the 1970s have more children on average

General amount of children, born in a lifetime, averaged 1.53 children per woman in the age group born in 1972, for whose representatives the reproductive period ends in 2021, since the fertile period for a woman is determined by the World Health Organization (WHO) to 49 years. This so-called absolute number of child births has previously steadily declined in the age group of women born in the 1960s, and reached its historical low – 1.49 children per woman – in the age group of women born in 1968.

Women born in the 1970s have more children on average. And the absolute number of births is expected to reach 1.6 children per woman born no later than 1979. This indicator reflects the trend towards an increase in the birth rate, primarily among German women over 30 years old.

The difference in age between parents at the birth of the first child is 2.8 years

In 2021, the average age of mothers who gave birth to their first child was 30.5 years, while that of fathers was 33.3 years. In general, the average age of women who gave birth in 2021, regardless of what kind of baby they are brought into beingwas 31.8 years, and fathers – 34.7 years.

In 2021, there were an average of 1.47 births per man

As in most economically developed countries, the average number of children per man in Germany – the so-called paternity rate – is lower than the total fertility rate for women, which shows How many children On average, one woman gives birth in her lifetime. This is mainly due to the fact that the number of potential fathers exceeds the number of potential mothers, since men retain reproductive function for a longer period than women.

In Germany, there were an average of 1.47 births per man in 2021. In 2020, this figure was lower: 1.43 births per man. As for the female fertility rate, it increased again in 2021 for the first time since 2017.

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