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A bakery was opened on Khodynka under the motto: “I remember all your cracks”

A center for the study of constructivism will open in the bakery number five

A center for the study of constructivism will open in the bakery number five

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

A new cultural space will soon appear on Presnya. A center for the study of constructivism will open at the bakery number five. The cylindrical building at 2 Khodynskaya Street, with the inscription “5 Khlebozavod” lined with red brick, did not get lost in the frame of narrow, blade-like skyscrapers.

Yesterday, a new location was presented to journalists by a team wearing stylish baker’s aprons with the inscription “Zotov”.

– “Zotov” is a good, sonorous name. We understood that we could not call this place simply Khlebozavod or Khlebozavod, – said the general director of the new center Tatyana Filippova.

Yesterday, journalists were presented with a new location

Yesterday, journalists were presented with a new location

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

Vasily Zotov is a man and a baker of our country. He led the process of organizing the baking of the Moscow Consumer Union, and later became the people’s commissar of the food industry. It was under him that five round bakeries appeared in the country, developed according to the revolutionary project of engineer Marsakov. Until that time, there were only mini-bakeries, and the creation of a giant plant was complicated by the fact that such a structure would take too much space. Georgy Marsakov proposed an innovative approach: his bakery was compact, thanks to its cylindrical shape: the products were delivered to the bottom, from there they went up to the very top by an elevator and then the products moved from stage to stage on a circular conveyor. Despite the assigned number five, the plant was the first of its kind and was named after Vasily Zotov. It was built in 1931, worked safely until 2006, simultaneously receiving the status of an architectural monument, and from 2018 to this day, work has been carried out to restore and adapt the building to a cultural and educational center.

A new cultural space will soon appear on Presnya

A new cultural space will soon appear on Presnya

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

Zotov has four floors. On the first floor there is a cafe and a place for contemporary art. The second and third are adapted for the most capricious exhibitions of the museum format. And, finally, the fourth floor is the place of the lecture hall of two cinemas: “Black” and “Red” for forty-five seats each. (Film expert Polina Pribytkova is responsible for the film program, in the past she was the head of the special projects department of the State Film Fund of Russia).

Despite the industrial status of the building, being inside, you feel like in the wardroom of a huge ship: it is full of light and generally quite comfortable.

The cultural center “Zotov” was the “dream project” of the famous architect and head of the architectural bureau “SPIC” Sergey Tchoban.

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

The author himself spoke about his brainchild by zoom. According to him, the concept of the new cultural space resembles a “layer cake”. The architect did not set the task of showing the building in its original form, as it was in the thirties: he wanted to trace the life of the monument in time. To achieve this idea, it was necessary to preserve everything: both the lone tile, like a false tooth, and the potholes in the tile; and a busty bread-and-salt beauty painted on the wall by an unnamed graphic artist.

Busty beauty with a loaf - the work of an unknown graphic designer of the seventies

Busty beauty with a loaf – the work of an unknown graphic designer of the seventies

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

“It is also dear to us that the tile here is crooked and laid with non-compliance with the seam, and that here the artist who painted the beauty on the wall accidentally smeared black paint,” co-author of the project Alina Garnovskaya constantly emphasized during the tour.

All existing tiles in the building were dedusted and strengthened, but the losses were not replaced

All existing tiles in the building were dedusted and strengthened, but the losses were not replaced

A photo: Sergey SELEDKIN

In general, it turned out to be an unusual obsharpe under the motto “I remember all your cracks, yeah, yeah.”

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

They say that not everyone appreciated the concept of the master and, for example, the members of the acceptance committee did not understand for a long time why it was necessary to keep the old tiles on the landings without fail, if you could buy exactly the same new one and not bother with some kind of flicker: there is , there is not. And the editor-in-chief of a well-known newspaper on art expressed aloud the idea that the “unique concept” of the reborn bakery reminds her of something, perhaps the concept of the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, realized in the “Garage” center.

It seems that Sergei Tchoban was a little offended and replied that if he was inspired by anything, it was not Garage, but the St. Petersburg courtyard in which he grew up; that all normal people are sensitive to layers of history; and that the significance of the Khlebozavod is undoubtedly higher than that of the Garage.

The general public will be able to appreciate the scale of creative thought only in a month. The opening of the center is scheduled for November 23. On this day, cinemas are being opened, a presentation of a new book about the architect Boris Iofan will be held in the lecture hall, and the exhibition “1922. Constructive. Beginning” will open, which Tchoban intriguingly described as something amazing of a “museum level”.

A photo: Ivan MAKEEV

There is no reason not to believe, because during the reconstruction “Zots” were coolly equipped in technical terms. The floors were raised on the floors, communications were placed inside and perfect air circulation was achieved, which comes from the grates in the floor and the space between the windows, and then goes upstairs.

All communications, including water and electricity, were sewn up in pipes and left in plain sight.

All communications, including water and electricity, were sewn up in pipes and left in plain sight.

A photo: Sergey SELEDKIN

Thanks to the right engineering solution, the rooms on the second and third floors will be maintained at a temperature of 22 degrees and 45 percent humidity, so that it will be possible to exhibit the most capricious works of art, including graphics (numerous windows arranged in a circle will be closed with blackout curtains that do not let in light ).

There is a lot of light on the floors, however, if necessary, the windows are covered with blackout curtains and the hall becomes suitable for displaying graphics

There is a lot of light on the floors, however, if necessary, the windows are covered with blackout curtains and the hall becomes suitable for displaying graphics

A photo: Sergey SELEDKIN

What a pretty penny all this flew into is a secret. The building is owned by VTB Bank and the attraction of unheard-of generosity took place at its expense. The center will continue to develop as a philanthropic project of the bank to preserve the avant-garde in art, but such serious institutions as the Tretyakov Gallery and the Shchusev Museum have already acted as partners of the Zotov center.

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