Huelva, fourth class province and two deputies to Cortes in 1822

The rector of the University of Huelva, María Antonia Peña, explained this afternoon how in 1822, with 142,425 inhabitants, “Huelva became one of the 15 fourth-class Spanish provinces and two deputies in the Cortes”, at the conference that offered on the occasion of bicentennial of the birth of the provincial organism.

The rector of the University of Huelva (UHU) and professor of History from Huelva, María Antonia Peña, gave a conference on the origins of the province of Huelva, whose constitution is now 200 years old. The presentation, entitled ‘142,000 souls and a new province. Huelva and its first Provincial Council’, was presented by the deputy for the presidency Belén Castillo,

María Antonia Peña began her speech by addressing the most outstanding European antecedents: the French administrative system, with its departmental general councils created by laws of 1790 and 1800, and the Spanish Constitution of 1812.

The previous provincial division was carried out in 1810 by the engineer José María Lanz, who established the sub-prefectures of Aracena and Ayamonte, Peña has continued, after referring to the provincial division project of the Courts of Cádiz of 1813, with which the province of Malaga is created, although no similar claim from Huelva is mentioned. He then explained that it was in 1820, when the Constitution of Cádiz was sworn in again, when the delimitation of the provinces was carried out by Felipe Bauzá and José Agustín de Larramendi, after which, in an opinion dated March 17 1821, the province of Valverde appears for the first time. The map received up to 70 claims, none of them from Huelva.

It was in 1822 when the province of Huelva was created, as María Antonia Peña has pointed out, explaining that at that time municipalities were lost with respect to the historical delimitation, specifically some of the northern area that had belonged to the kingdom of Seville. : Fregenal, Higuera de la Sierra and Bodonal, while excluding the southeast triangle, including El Rocío and Coto de Doñana, although Campo de Tejada, which had belonged to the Aljarafe district, is incorporated. With 142,425 inhabitants and two deputies in Cortes, Huelva remains at that time as one of the 15 fourth-class Spanish provinces and two deputies in Cortes.

The rector of the University of Huelva then referred to the debate on the capital status of the province of Huelva, to which the municipalities of Trigueros, Valverde, Ayamonte, Moguer aspired, after which she indicated that the new provincial division, with Huelva as capital was consecrated in the decree of January 27, 1822. Little more than five months later, on July 7, 1822, the Huelva Provincial Council was established for the first time.

About the Bicentennial

The commemoration of the Bicentenary of the Diputación de Huelva kicked off on April 29 with the conference ‘The Provincial Organization of Spain and the birth of Diputaciones 1810-1833’, given by the Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Cadiz Alberto Ramos.

huelva province fourth classfourth class province

The date of constitution of the Diputación de Huelva does not coincide with that of the majority of the diputaciones, which arose with the Constitution of 1812, known as La Pepa, but was constituted in 1822, when Huelva became independent from the Kingdom of Seville and became It is also a province. This first constitution of the first Diputación de Huelva takes place during the Liberal Triennium and, therefore, is very ephemeral, perhaps hence its little public significance. In the middle of 1823, with the arrival of Absolutism, the provincial councils are dissolved throughout Spain and will not come back to life until 1835.

Throughout the year 2022, the Huelva Provincial Council will celebrate this bicentennial with an extensive program of activities, imbued with a cultural and informative character around this commemoration. This was announced by the president, María Eugenia Limón, in the presentation of the image of the event, with a woman’s face, which adorns the main façade of the Diputación. A Diputación in the feminine, which is the proper gender of the noun Diputación, personified in a face that shows a past and a current profile.

huelva province fourth class

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